Strike in Banaras 1810 11 and the revolt of Bareilly 1816 are important

Strike in banaras 1810 11 and the revolt of bareilly

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Strike in Banaras (1810-11) and the revolt of Bareilly (1816) are important examples. In the case of Banaras, the city people on strike against the levying of House Tax while, in Bareilly, the protest was directed against the PoliceTax, which was levied to provide police protection to the citizens. In the case of Banaras the British had to withdraw the tax while in Bareilly people had to pay the tax. The Revolt of 1857 The accumdlated feelings of discontent and dissatisfaction with the British rule gave rise to the revolt of 1857. The revolt spread to most of the Northern and Central India. The Rise of National Consciousness
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I m ~ r i n l h . c o ~ o l l ~ l ~ m awl "Firstly, in Hindustan they have exacted as revenue rupees 300 where only 200 were ~atiwnliam due, and rupees 500 where but 400 were demandable, and still they are solicitous to raise their demands. The people must therefore be ruined and beggared. Secondly, they have doubled and quadrupled and raised tenfold the chowkeedaree tax and have wishes to ruin the people. Thirdly, the occupation of all respectable and learned men is gone, and millions are destitute of the necessaries of life. How far can we detail the oppression of the tyrants. Gradually matters arrived at such a pitch that the Government had determined to subvert everyone's religion" In the revolt we notice for the first time that some sort of nationalist feelings were inspiring the people. This has been highlighted by Dr. S.N. Sen in his work Eighteen Fiy-Seven . The revolt was ruthlessly supressed and the British Government took the control of India from the East India Company into its own hands. Even after the suppression of this major revolt popular uprisings in India continued throughout the nineteenth century. Peasant Movements after 1857 The important movements in the second half of the 19th century were Indigo revolt (1859-60) in Bengal, Kuki revolt (1860-90) in Tnpura, Kuka revolt (1869-72) in Punjab, Pabna Peasant Movement (1872-73) in Bengal, Vasudev Balvant Phadke's Revolt (1879) in Maharashtra and Birsa Munda's revolt (1899-1900) in South Bihar. Thus we notice that throughout the nineteenth century Indian masses were struggling against the British rule. These revolts invariably ended in failure but they fostered a fighting spirit and strengthened national consciousness among the people. Check Your Porgress 3 1) What was the nature of early peasant and tribal revolts? 2) In the above section you read a portion of the proclamation issued by the 'rebels' in Delhi in 1857. List 3 main grievances of the Indian people on the basis of this proclamation. 3.4.2 Middle Class Consciousness
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I the beginning (first half of the 19th century), this c!.rss was of the opinion that the means of communication, railways and other industrial enterprises were going to benefit Indians. Under this understanding they therefore supported the British policies but gradually it became clear that the British administrative measures were to help the British rule, and, their economic policies were benefiting the British merchants and capitalists. Once the Indian middle class realised this, they started protesting against the colonial rule. But unlike the peasants, tribals and workers whose prutest was expressed in the form of uprisings and revolts, this class followed a different policy. The
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