This ambiguity between Mama and Walter is reflected throughout the whole play, one of the best representation is presented by this section of a dialogue held by these two characters: LENA. Oh- So now it’s life. Money is life. Once upon a time freedom used to be life-now it’s money. I guess the world really do change. WALTER. No-it was always money, Mama. We just didn’t know about it. (522)
Gandolfo 4 It is clear that Mama looks for a much greater and spiritual values and this might be related to her age and the fact that she lived in a time when freedom was the most valued possession for a colored person. On the other hand, Walter is driven by more earthy ideals, however, Walter is right this kind of ideals exist when Mama was young, they were just beyond her basic necessities. Furthermore, these differences do not make one more rightful than the other on their right to search for their personal dream. The situation of being a poor family that happens to find themselves in a situation where the now have the means to achieve their American dream what gives Mama the edge of realizing it. In “ A raisin in the Sun Revisited” by J. Charles Washington, a completely different point of view is presented. The duality among Lena and Walter is given as a success or fail event. Washington says “As I have attempted to show, the play’s meaning is a tragic one, as Walter reaches for the American dream but he fails to achieve it”. This analysis focuses on Walter and he desire of attaining his dream. On this paper tells that this play is basically about Walter’s failure, but it also shows that it is a good failure, one accomplished in order to reach a greater good. Walter’s idea of the American dream is transforming himself into a successful business man. One as fruitful as the young white man he sees every day making million dollars deals in restaurants. A business man with enough financial power that anything is at the reach of his hand. However, Walter’s dream needs to be crushed into pieces in order to give its place to a greater dream, one that will include the whole Younger family. This is a meaningful fail for Walter but it is necessary one. Hansberry’s way of using the characters of Lena and Walter has been analyzed in “ A Raisin in the Sun : Overview” by Qun Wang. Who explains how a not so good critique enlightens some of the facts presented by the play, “Tom F. Driver in the New Republic to the conclusion that A Raisin in the Sun is but another domestic play, using formulas that are old fashioned and
Gandolfo 5 over-worked”. It is Wang explanation what shows how this critique can be used to clarify Hansberry play as he says “but Hansberry’s thematic exploration of conflicts such the past and the present, dream and reality, human dignity and commercial success, elevates the play to a level that challenges what would be otherwise accepted as normal: it raises questions about the
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