Spies and Dzimiri \u2022 A conceptual safari 45 preventative capacities absorb only a fraction of the costs of vital post con fl ict peace

Spies and dzimiri • a conceptual safari 45

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Spies and DzimiriA conceptual safari45preventative capacities absorb only a fraction of the costs of vital post-conflict peace operations (Ban, 2009, par. 38). Institution-building of Afri-can entities that have a preventative mandate is therefore essential, includ-ing training in skills such as mediation and diplomacy and the analysis and assessment of information used in early warning systems. Helly (2008, p. 2) makes the point that solid risk assessments and analyses will also assist in countering arbitrary advocacy and politicization of R2P in Africa – what he refers to as the “misuse” and “abuse” of the concept.As a continental government in the making, the AU should ensure that each of its many institutions tasked with conflict resolution and/or human rights protection is R2P-compliant in theory as well as practice. Chief among these institutions is the PSC. The council is constitutionally obliged to involve civil society in its activities, a mandate that Sarkin (2009 p. 22–23) hails as a novel and significant opportunity for the council “to disseminate information about its work and thus establish legitimacy and credibility. Thus, the PSC should also build an outreach programme to in-form and educate the public as well as to empower entitled individuals to interact with it.” Referring in turn to the AU Commission on Human and People’s Rights, he recommends that “[t]he use of a R2P framework on a consistent basis could dramatically affect its activities, mandate, resolu-tions and decisions” (p. 19). R2P operationalization can also be promoted and monitored by a unique, African-devised instrument: the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM). APRM is a mutually agreed-upon self-monitoring instrument voluntarily acceded to by AU member states. It aims “to put in motion a strategic re-orientation towards the validation of universal as well as African values and accelerate the process of intra-African cooperation and integration” (APRM, 2010, par. 1). It is advisable for this mechanism to add an explicit assessment of R2P adherence to its existing broad-ranging criteria of good governance and to determine the extent to which its mem-bers are translating into policy behavior the normative commitments they have made at the global and regional levels.Communicate that assistance is availableMany African states simply lack the resources to implement commitments, normative or otherwise, that derive from global standardization. It should be communicated to these states that their efforts to operationalize R2P need not be a solitary journey. In fact, Paragraph 139 of the World Sum-mit Outcome document explicitly commits the international community to helping states build the necessary institutions and capacities to meet their R2P obligations.
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