Periodically reviewing ethical commitments and determining whether or not theyare appropriate, in the light of new knowledge and changes in circumstances.Theworld today is changing rapidly. What is taken to be true today may be found to befalse tomorrow. What is considered ethical today may be considered unethicaltomorrow. Thus, no definitive blueprint for ethical behaviour and action is possible.What is necessary is that ethical positions be reviewed regularly to see how theymight be improved on the basis of new evidence, new requirements and newdemands.¥BUILDING A MORE EQUITABLE AND ETHICAL FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SYSTEM
ETHICAL ISSUES IN FOOD AND AGRICULTURE31ReferencesINTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS AND BODIES CITEDCode of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries (1995)Codex Alimentarius Commission (1963)Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (1995), formerly the Commission on Plant Genetic Resources (1983)Convention on Biological Diversity (1992) and Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (2000)Earth Charter (2000)FAO Constitution (1945)Rio Declaration on Environment and Development (1992)Rome Declaration on World Food Security (1996)Stockholm Declaration on the Human Environment (1972)United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (1982)United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (1992)Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)WHO Constitution (1946)World Charter for Nature (1982)World Commission on Culture and Development (1995)SUGGESTED FURTHER READINGBock, C. & Sharif, A.1997. Conflicts over natural resources. Development, 40: 85-90.FAO. 1998. The state of the world°s plant genetic resources for food and agriculture. Rome,FAO.Hulse, J.H. 1995. Science, agriculture, and food security. Ottawa, National ResearchCouncil of Canada.Jamieson, D. 1998. Sustainability and beyond. Ecological Economics, 24: 183-192.Kaul, I., Grunberg, I. & Stern, M.A., eds.1999. Global public goods: international coop-eration in the 21st century. Oxford, UK, University of Oxford Press.Morin, E. & Kern, A.B.1999. Homeland earth: a manifesto for the new millennium.Cresskill, New Jersey, USA, Hampton Press.Rodrik, D. 1999. The new global economy and developing countries: making opennesswork. Baltimore, USA, Johns Hopkins University Press.
REFERENCES32Serres, M. 1995. The natural contract. Ann Arbor, USA, University of Michigan Press.Thompson, P.1995. The spirit of the soil: agriculture and environmental ethics. London,Routledge.UNDP. 1999. Human Development Report 1999. Oxford, UK, University of OxfordPress.Weiss, E.B. 1989. In fairness to future generations: international law, common patrimo-ny, and intergenerational equity. Tokyo, UNU.¥
FAO/19603/G. BIZZARRIIn a diverse andinterdependentworld,considerationsfor ethicalconduct must beclear to all