Periodically reviewing ethical commitments and determining whether or not they

Periodically reviewing ethical commitments and

This preview shows page 14 - 17 out of 17 pages.

Periodically reviewing ethical commitments and determining whether or not they are appropriate, in the light of new knowledge and changes in circumstances. The world today is changing rapidly. What is taken to be true today may be found to be false tomorrow. What is considered ethical today may be considered unethical tomorrow. Thus, no definitive blueprint for ethical behaviour and action is possible. What is necessary is that ethical positions be reviewed regularly to see how they might be improved on the basis of new evidence, new requirements and new demands. ¥ B UILDING A MORE EQUITABLE AND ETHICAL FOOD AND AGRICULTURE SYSTEM
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E THICAL ISSUES IN FOOD AND AGRICULTURE 31 References INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS AND BODIES CITED Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries (1995) Codex Alimentarius Commission (1963) Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (1995), formerly the Commission on Plant Genetic Resources (1983) Convention on Biological Diversity (1992) and Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (2000) Earth Charter (2000) FAO Constitution (1945) Rio Declaration on Environment and Development (1992) Rome Declaration on World Food Security (1996) Stockholm Declaration on the Human Environment (1972) United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (1982) United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (1992) Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) WHO Constitution (1946) World Charter for Nature (1982) World Commission on Culture and Development (1995) SUGGESTED FURTHER READING Bock, C. & Sharif, A. 1997. Conflicts over natural resources. Development , 40: 85-90. FAO. 1998. The state of the world°s plant genetic resources for food and agriculture . Rome, FAO. Hulse, J.H. 1995. Science, agriculture, and food security . Ottawa, National Research Council of Canada. Jamieson, D. 1998. Sustainability and beyond. Ecological Economics , 24: 183-192. Kaul, I., Grunberg, I. & Stern, M.A., eds. 1999. Global public goods: international coop- eration in the 21st century . Oxford, UK, University of Oxford Press. Morin, E. & Kern, A.B. 1999. Homeland earth: a manifesto for the new millennium . Cresskill, New Jersey, USA, Hampton Press. Rodrik, D. 1999. The new global economy and developing countries: making openness work . Baltimore, USA, Johns Hopkins University Press.
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R EFERENCES 32 Serres, M. 19 95. The natural contract . Ann Arbor, USA, University of Michigan Press. Thompson, P. 1995. The spirit of the soil: agriculture and environmental ethics . London, Routledge. UNDP. 1999. Human Development Report 1999 . Oxford, UK, University of Oxford Press. Weiss, E.B. 1989. In fairness to future generations: international law, common patrimo- ny, and intergenerational equity . Tokyo, UNU . ¥
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FAO/19603/G. BIZZARRI In a diverse and interdependent world, considerations for ethical conduct must be clear to all
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