•When I finished high school, I hadn’t learntto drive a car yet.•When I went to the bar, they had already beendrinking a lot.Avec ‘before’ / ‘after':Si l’action au past perfect s’est passée à un moment spécifique et que ‘before‘ ou ‘after‘ sont utilisés dans la phrase, on peut le remplacer par le past simple.•He had visitedMelbourne once in 2011 before he moved there in 2013. •= He visitedMelbourne once in 2011 before he moved there in 2013.MAIS si le past perfect ne correspond pas à une action passée à un moment spécifique, on ne peut pas utiliser le past simple:•He never saw a kangaroo before he moved to Australia.FAUX•He had never seen a kangaroo before he moved to Australia.OKHad + had•We had hadthat car for two years before it broke down.•I wish I had hadmore girlfriends when I was young.La voix active / passive:•Nathan had created many websites before he started his business. (Active)•Many websites had been created by Nathan before he started his business. (Passive)Quelques mots utilisés souvent avec le past perfect:already, just, before, when, by the time, once, twice, three times…
As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.
Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern
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University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern
The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.