Looking for what variables to use independent

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Looking for what variables to use Independent variable, “IV,” “x,” cause Dependent variable, “DV,” “y,” effect Hypothesis Speculative statement about the relationship between two variables A specific speculation
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Hawthorne Effect Unintended consequence of something being studied When the act of studying something affects it Reliability v. Validity Reliability   repeatable, dependable result Could be a correlation Validity   consistent, causal result Ethnography Intense, detailed, qualitative research Immersion, observation Durkheim First to truly “study” sociology Remember emergent properties   social laws Learning these social laws/norms = socialization Social institutions Family, religion, media, political/legal, education “debug” to fix social problems flaws in institutions or promoters of institutions
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Anomie Feeling disconnected from norms, feeling lost, often due to ineffective social control Marx The Communist Manifesto Conspiracy theorist Felt we were all being taken advantage of by the bourgeoise Revolution of the mind False consciousness Willingness to ignore someone pulling the strings Suspended disbelief Opiates Causing disconnected tranquility, faith Punishment and Reward Nature vs. Nuture Isolation studies Isabelle – successfully adapted and learned social skills over time Genie – failed to learn social skills and remains antisocial Primate studies Harlow’s artificial mothers
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“monkeys developed greater social attachments from their need for warmth, comfort,  and intimacy than from their need for milk.” Twin studies In twins separated at birth, temperaments, voice patterns, and nervous habits seem  more hereditary Attitudes, values, chosen mates, and drinking habits more influenced by environmental  causes Similar social settings = close intelligence scores Dramatically different settings = different intelligence scores Reification Creating or pretending something is real from something that is unreal Even if it’s not real, the consequences of believing it is are real Ex. Santa Claus, money, different ideas about the Earth, etc. Joe vs. The Volcano His initial symptoms were imagined and eventually disproven He’s “not sick except for this terminal disease” Waponian’s belief in volcanic justice? Max Weber Bureaucratization Related to anomie, social institutions, social structure We created the forms of bureaucracies with good intentions but had unexpected results
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Invaded by bureaucrats through social institutions and their influence Slightly less original Iron cage theory   imprisoned by the rules and regulations we’ve created Social interaction Ways people respond to each other
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  • Spring '08
  • Taylor
  • Poverty

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