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studyguideexam2abnormalpsych

Mood stabilizers lithium lithium carbonate affects

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Mood stabilizers Lithium ( lithium carbonate ) Affects several neurotransmitters Small window between therapeutic and toxic effect Half of patients taking lithium cannot tolerate the side effects or do not respond Depakote, Tegretol Sometimes Antipsychotics -Zyprexa -Abilify SSRIs approved by the Food and Drug Administration to treat depression, with their generic names followed by brand names in parentheses, include: Citalopram (Celexa) Escitalopram (Lexapro) Fluoxetine (Prozac, Prozac Weekly, Sarafem) Paroxetine (Paxil, Paxil CR, Pexeva) Sertraline (Zoloft) Fluoxetine combined with the atypical antipsychotic olanzapine (Symbyax) Know the gender differences associated with suicide, as well as the risk factors for completed suicide. Risk of suicide is higher for people with a psychological disorder Most common disorders among those who commit suicide:
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Major depressive disorder (50%) Personality disorders (40%) Substance-related disorders (up to 50%) History of suicide attempts is a strong predictor 50% of completed suicides occur during alcohol intoxication Risk of suicide is higher for people with a psychological disorder History of suicide attempts is a strong predictor 50% of completed suicides occur during alcohol intoxication Those who committed suicide tended to have Structural abnormalities in the frontal lobe Abnormal serotonin receptors Less serotonin and less serotonin receptors Affects impulsivity and aggression Psychological risk factors Poor coping, problem-solving skills Distorted and rigid thinking Hopelessness Chapter 7—Anxiety Disorders. Be able to identify each of the anxiety disorders and distinguish them from each other in terms of symptom patterns, focus of anxiety, behaviors, etc. (GAD, Panic Disorder, Social Phobia, Specific Phobia, OCD, PTSD). A nxiety disorder Extreme anxiety, intense arousal, and/or extreme attempts to avoid stimuli that lead to fear and anxiety Panic Extreme fear, sense of imminent doom, together with an extreme stress response Panic disorder Frequent, unexpected panic attacks Fear of further attacks Possible restrictions of behavior to prevent such attacks Whether Panic Disorder is present depends on: Frequency and unpredictability of the attacks The individual’s reaction to the attacks Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) Uncontrollable worry and anxiety about everyday concerns Primarily focused on family, finances, work, and illness May affect concentration and sleeping, and cause irritability Phobia Exaggerated fear and avoidance of object or situation Agoraphobia
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Persistent avoidance of situations that might trigger panic Avoidance of places in which it would be embarrassing or hard to obtain help in case of a panic attack Tunnels, bridges, crowded theaters, highways Social phobia Intense fear of public humiliation or embarrassment
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