◦The number of states requiring all three settings to be smoke freeclimbed from three to twelve.◦The number of states with no restrictions on any of the threesettings decreased from sixteen to eight.Centers for DiseaseControl and Prevention, “State Smoking Restrictions for Private-Sector Worksites, Restaurants, and Bars—United States, 2004 and2007,”Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Reports (MMWRs)(U.S. Dept. ofHealth and Human Services, May 23, 2008),mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5720a3.htm#content_area(accessed November 12, 2011); Centers for Disease Control andPrevention, “New Study Shows Tobacco Control Programs CutAdult Smoking Rates” (U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services,January 30, 2008),r080130.htm?s_cid=mediarel_r080130_x(accessed November 12,2011).Connecticut law, for example, restricts smoking in most workplaces with at leastfive employees to specially ventilated smoking rooms.Saul Spigel, “StatewideSmoking Ban,”OLR Research, June 9, 2003,2003-R-0466.htm(accessed November 12, 2011).In addition, we shouldn’t underestimate the role played by business itself in thecampaign to curb workplace smoking. In Connecticut, for example, the workplacesmoking ban applies only to indoor areas, but many companies in the state takeadvantage of a provision allowing them to ban smoking anywhere on theirproperties. Businesses, of course, aren’t motivated strictly by civic responsibility.Workplace smoking increases employer costs in numerous ways. Smokers areabsent from work 50 percent more often than nonsmokers, and they have twice asmany accidents. Smoke-free firms often pay 25 percent to 35 percent less for healthand fire insurance, and one government report calculates that U.S. businesses couldsave from $4 billion to $8 billion annually in building operations and maintenancecosts if workplace smoking bans were enforced nationwide.“Smoking in theWorkplace Costs Employers Money” (Washington, DC: Action on Smoking andHealth, 2005),(accessed November 12, 2011);American Lung Association, “Smoking Policies in the Workplace Fact Sheet.”, (accessed November 11, 2011).And last but not least, both for-profit and nonprofit organizations must alwayscontend with lawsuits:See E. L. Sweda Jr., “Lawsuits and Secondhand Smoke,”Chapter 16 The Legal and Regulatory Environment of Business16.5 Some Principles of Public Law922
Tobacco Control(London: BMJ Publishing Group, 2004),(accessedNovember 12, 2011).•A man suffering from asthma repeatedly asked Olympic Airways flightattendants to change his seat because of persistent secondhand smoke.They refused, he died, and his widow sued the airline for negligence. AU.S. District Court awarded the plaintiff damages of $1.4 million.