Indications short term relief of constipation prevent

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Indications:  -Short term relief of constipation  -Prevent  straining  -Evacuate bowel  for diagnostic  procedures -Removal of  ingested poisons  -Adjunct in  anthelmintic  therapy  Dexpanthenol  GI stimulant  Increases acetylcholine  levels and stimulates the  PSNS Metoclopramid GI stimulant  Blocks dopamine  receptors and makes the  GI cells more sensitive  to acetylcholine  Leads to increased GI  activity and rapid  movement through the  upper GI tract  Pepto-Bismol Antidiarrheal  Coats the lining of the  GI tract and soothes  irritation that stimulates  local reflexes to cause  excessive GI activity and diarrhea  Slows  GI  activity Constipation,  Dry mouth,  abd  discomfort,  abd distention,  fatigue,  weakness,  toxic  megacolon Immodium  Antidiarrheal Has direct effect on the  muscle layers of the GI  tract; slows peristalsis  and allows increased  time for absorption of  fluid and electrolytes  “” Paregoric  Antidiarrheal Stimulates spasms in the GI tract, stops peristalsis and diarrhea  “” ANTIEMETIC AGENTS  DRUG NAME  DRUG CLASS  MAO CM SIDE  EFFECTS  OTHER  -ZINE  Phenothiazines  Depresses various areas
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of the CNS Metoclopramid Nonphenothiazine s Acts to reduce the  responsiveness of the  nerve cells in the CTZ  to circulating chemicals that induce vomiting  Anticholingergics/ Antihistamines  Block the transmission  of impulses to the CTZ  Tx of N/V Zofran  Serotonin (5-HT3) receptor blockers  Block those receptors  associated with nausea  and vomiting in the  CTZ and locally  Tx of N/V  Emend Varubi  Substance P/ Neuokinin  receptor  antagonists Act directly on the CNS to block receptors  associated with nausea  and vomiting  Used in  combination  with other  agents for N/V  Marinol Visterill  Cesamet  Tigan  Misc Antiemetics 
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  • Spring '16
  • Loren Martin
  •  Increase BP

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