Formed through experience Categorize new objects based on your prototypes what

Formed through experience categorize new objects

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Formed through experience Categorize new objects based on your prototypes (what you basically think of first for a particular category) The further away the object (new tree) is away from your prototype, the less likely it is to be categorized as the prototype (tree) STUDY: More people were able to categorize a robin as a bird compared to a penguin as a bird More typical category members which are closer to the prototype are categorized quickly and easily than atypical category members Some exceptions to this theory include: If you were asked to write down your prototypical food and then asked the same question a week later, you may give different answers Should expect it to be stable over time, according to the prototype theory Exemplar Theory Exemplar Theory: Instead of storing only one average category prototype, you store your entire lifetime worth of experiences Instead of remembering just one prototype of dog to compare with, the theory suggests that you remember every dog you have ever met and created a mild phobia through classical conditioning Each past instances of a category membership is called an exemplar Study: A robin is a bird is faster, but slower when a penguin is a bird Many more robin exemplars in your library compared to penguins Dermatologists were asked to observe a series of slides of skin disorders Following a two week delay, they returned to a diagnosis of second series of slides
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Experts did not know that some of the disorder were repeated in the second sessions but using different slides Questions was: would the inclusion of a single exemplar two weeks earlier improve their accuracy
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