Encouraging participation allow the employee to set

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Encouraging participation Allow the employee to set his own standards of performance. Minimize the controls to provide freedom to the employees Make an employee directly responsible for his performance. Encourage participation of employees in deciding organizational goals and policies. Expand job vertically Introducing new, difficult and creative tasks to the employees. Sense of achievement. Advantages of Job Enrichment: The advantages of job enrichment are as follows: It enriches the role. Job enrichment is the most widely used of job design as it provides a meaningful learning to employees. It makes the work interesting and employee get motivated. It helps in reducing the rate of labour turnover and absenteeism. It increases skills of the employees.
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111 It increases morale and performance. Reduce Boredom and dissatisfaction. Increase in output both qualitative and quantitative. Disadvantages of Job Enrichment Dunham and Newstrom state, “Even the strongest supporters of job enrichment readily admit that there are limitations in its application.” Newstrom and Keith Davis also write, “Employees are the final judges of what enriches their jobs. All that management can do is to gather information about what tends to enrich jobs, try these changes in the job system, and then determine whether employees feel that enrichment has occurred.” A few limitations of or problems with job enrichment are as follows: Tasks Motivator involved Assign specific or specialized task to individuals enabling them to become expert Responsibility, growth, advancement Making periodic reports directly available to the individual himself rather than to the supervisor. Internal recognition Giving a person a whole, natural unit of work (module, exchange district, division, area, etc.) Responsibility, achievement, recognition Increasing the accountability of individuals for own work Responsibility, recognition Increase cost Need more employee counseling, training, and guidance. Not applicable to all jobs. Negative impact on personnel. Imposed on people. Objected by unions Pay dissatisfaction Job Enlargement vs. Job Enrichment Job enlargement and job enrichment are both important forms of job design in order to enhance productivity and satisfaction of the employees. They differ from each other in the following respects: 1. Nature of Job: The major difference between job enrichment and enlargement lies in the nature of additions to the job. Enlargement involves a horizontal loading or expansion, or addition of tasks of the same nature. Enrichment involves vertical loading of tasks and responsibility of the job holder; it improves the quality of the job in terms of its intrinsic worth.
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