Neo liberalism as an approach to the study of

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Neo-liberalism, as an approach to the study of International Relations, is concerned with the formation of state preferences or ‘national interests’. Whereas neo-realism is focused exclusively on politics between nations, neo-liberalism draws attention to the content of the ‘black box’ of domestic politics and tries to address from where national interests originate It therefore places the national polity, rather than just national executives, or governments, at the heart of European integration project. Although the influence of neo-liberal ideas in the domestic politics approach may not be explicit, the concerns are very much the same. 13. What is a ‘two-level games’? To explain this concept we need to understand that two level games are played by state. The first game deals with how states define their policy preferences( or national interest) at home within the domestic environment. The second game is played on the international stage and involves interstate bargains being struck Putnam’s main aim was that of providing a framework for analyzing the myriad entanglements involved in domestic-international interactions. This image of the two-level game is helpful in that it provides a starting point for understanding Moravcsik’s theory of liberal intergovernmentalism. Liberal intergovernmentalism by Moravcsik 1. What does it mean, that states behave rationality? Means that the actions of states are assumed to be based on utilizing what are judged to be the most appropriate means of achieving their goals. 2. How decisions making process looks like in the European Union according to Moravcsik? While national politicians embody state interests that reflect domestic policy preferences, all decision made by the EU are ultimately the result of bargaing amongst states. Agreements are reached on a lowest common denominator, basis, with clear limits placed on the transfer of sovereignty to supranational agents 3. Please, describe demand and supply side according to LI. There are two separate dimension to LI: the supply and the demand side. The argument is that both the demand for cooperation which derives from the national polity, and the supply of integration in understanding European integration outcomes. To explain the link between the demand and supply sides, the theory is divided into three steps, each of which is explained by a different set of factors. First national preference formation,
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Second intergovernmentalist theories of interstate relations, with European integration supplied by intergovernmental bargains. Third is institutional delegation. 4. Please, describe main critiques of Liberal Intergovermentalism. focusing only on ‘historymaking decisions’ (treaty change, in particular) and for ignoring day-to day politics and the multi-level character of the European Union.
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