Knows that vowels can go together MUST KNOW Phonics Its rightful place 4 major

Knows that vowels can go together must know phonics

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Knows that vowels can go together MUST KNOW! Phonics: It’s rightful place 4 major meaning making strategies o Phonics: terminology, phonemic awareness, generalization o Structural analysis: inflectional endings, affixes, Syllabication (every syllable must have a vowel), compound words, contractions o Sight words: high frequency o Context clues: picture clues, semantic and syntactic Phonics: the set of relationships between phonology and orthography o Connection about true sounds and truth of writing o Consonants, consonant blends, and consonant diagraphs o Consonants: speech sound in which the breath is at least partially obstructed o Vowels: a speech sound produced with open, unobstructed breath o Rimes: everything after the vowel, including the vowel o Rhymes: words that have some of the same sounds/phoneme o Phonic generalizations: rules don’t always apply. Doesn’t always work The most useful phonic generalizations: o The two sounds of /c/ Followed by I, e, or y it is a soft c celery o The two sounds of /g/ Followed by I, e, or y it is (j sound) soft Goat, giraffe
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o CVC Pattern Short vowel sound Dog, pig o CVCe pattern Long vowel, silent e, vowel says own name Late, date o CV pattern Long vowel most of the time but there are exceptions He, hi, so Exception: to, do o R-Controlled Vowel R dominates the vowel Car, coaster, ear o -igh Make the long I sound Sigh, high o Kn- and wr- First letter is silent Know, wright, gnome Terminology: o Affix: word parts such as prefixes, suffixes, or inflectional endings o Blend: consonants put together that keep their sounds o Consonant: restricted sound o Diagraph: two consonants the make a new sound o Diphthong: two vowels in one syllable that make a double sound Ex: oil, soil, boil o Grapheme: letter and letter groups of the alphabet that are written down and used to construct words; visual representation of letter o Phoneme: a single speech sound o Phonemic awareness: an awareness of sounds that are made by different letters o Phonics: system of representing word sounds with letters o Syllable: a word part of a word that contains a vowel sound o Vowel: the letters a, e, I, o, u and sometimes w and y. No obstruction
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  • Spring '18
  • John McCracken
  • Vowel, International Phonetic Alphabet, Consonant

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