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DSST World Religion Notes

Issues presented by existential philosophical

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issues presented by existential philosophical analysis Paul Tillich – best known for his major three volume work – Systematic Theology – first proposed “method of correlation” Ethics - Primary function of religion is aid in the formation of society’s Ethics – a code of conduct and moral order Taboo – nearly all religions have rules of Taboo Son of Heaven – example of scared kingship – explains why so many taboos surround ancient rulers; rulers were regarded as either gods or representatives of gods Theological Approach to religion – looks at particular religion accepting its dogma as truth Immanuel Kant – German philosopher argued that religious affirmations are unprovable and that it’s the operation of moral will not cognitive reason that makes people religious Historical Approach to religion – studies the stages in the development of religion – strictly emphasizes the facts behind the religion’s development Comparative Religion – also known as phenomenology – attempts to analyze cross sections throughout the various religions to find typical developments and characteristic traits Max Muller –“Nature-Worship Theory” - it stated that religion developed as “primitive” people observed patterns of nature and tried to personalize them (is similar to animistic theory) Max Muller – believed all the stories and gods and heroes in Indo-European cultures were solar myths Animism – belief that nature is alive and filled with unseen spirits that may be worshipped, trees, stones, rivers, mountains etc. all have spirits and feelings and can be communicated with and worshipped Sir James George Frazer – “The Golden Bough” – argues that religion is an attempt to control nature through magic; the highly evolved man will turn away from magic and religion and embrace science Karl Marx “religion is the opium of the people” – religion stemmed from social and economic struggles between classes Sigmund Freud – argued that religion originated as guilt that mean allegedly feel in hating their fathers (the myth of Oedipus and totemic religions as examples) Judaism – Judaism – followers believe in the oneness of a God who works thru historical events and has chosen them as His agents God formed a covenant (agreement) with Abraham and his descendants, and Abraham remains faithful God will reward him and he will become father of the nation - this was the first covenant God made with the Jews Abraham’s son Isaac, God demanded Abraham to sacrifice Isaac, Abraham obeyed but God substituted a ram Mt Sinai – Second Covenant God made to Moses Pentecost Holiday –Judaism the giving of the law to Moses on Mt. Sinai - recognized as a Christian Holiday commemorates the Holy Spirit’s descent upon the disciples 50 days after Jesus’ Resurrection (considered by some the birthday of the church) Patriarchs’ (described in Genesis) of the Jewish people are: Abraham, his son Isaac, his grandson Jacob, and Jacob’s 12 sons
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