Result in lower score reality if you have a concrete

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result in lower score Reality – If you have a concrete reason for doubting your answer, you are more likely to get it right by changing it Study was done to examine effect of changing test answers on test performance o College students took online vocab tests where item review was permitted or not o Only students in item review condition were allowed to review and change their answer o Nearly 67% in item review condition changed their answer for at least 1 question
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More questions were changed from incorrect to correct than from correct to incorrect – ratio of 3:1 Short Term Memory & Links to Long Term Memory Showed 3 lines of 4 letters – most people said they only remembered the first line o All 12 letters went into eyes and brain – sensory store is only fraction of a section long o After you wrote the first 4 letters down, other letters vanished from your memory Showed different 3 lines of 4 letters – more people were able to remember line 2 when asked o All 12 letters were in your mind – you were able to draw attention to line 2 and write those down Sensory store has huge capacity, but it only has length of fraction of a second before it vanishes Only way to get information out of sensory store is to pay attention to that info and pull it into short-term memory o Sensory store – fraction of a second long but takes in all sensory details of environment o Short term memory – no more than 7 seconds long, regulated by what you are paying attention to More limited resource where you are not taking in everything o Short term memory is about 7 plus/minus 2 items Short Term Memory & Links to Long Term Memory Pt. 2 Moving something from short-term memory into long-term memory is effortful o Constantly repeating something introduces error – opportunity for you to repeat it slightly wrong o Final memory encoded n long-term memory might be different from what you were originally given Serial order effect – items at the beginning and end of a list are more easily recalled than those in the middle o Primacy effect – tendency for words at the beginning of a list to be more easily recalled o Recency effect – tendency for words at the end of a list to be more easily recalled Lots of students remembered the words “divorce” and “abuse” in the middle of the list o They are emotional words – we tend to remember things that are emotional and self-relevant Most people don’t remember long and complex words – people more likely to remember shorter and simpler words o Presidential candidates in 2016 differed in average length of the words they used o Some say Trump won since his messages are easy to remember – short, personally relevant, emotional Memory Exercise Review
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Spreading activation – idea that different parts of our memory are al semantically or meaningfully connected o Words like “bed”, “awake”, and “rest” activates everything related to it such as sleep o It makes you actually believe that you heard the word sleep even though you didn’t
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