six founding members : Belgium , France , Italy , Luxembourg , the Netherlands and West Germany . Japan’s “peace constitution” – The constitution was drawn up under the Allied occupation that followed World War II and was intended to replace Japan's previous militaristic and absolute monarchy system with a form of liberal democracy . Currently, it is a rigid document and no subsequent amendment has been made to it since its adoption Perestroika – was a political movement for reformation within the Communist Party of the Soviet Union during the 1980s (1986), widely associated with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev and his glasnost (meaning "openness") policy reform. The literal meaning of perestroika is " restructuring ", referring to the restructuring of the Soviet political and economic system. Perestroika is often argued to be the cause of the dissolution of the Soviet Union , the revolutions of 1989 in Eastern Europe , and the end of the Cold War Reasons for collapse of Soviet Union – Controversies over Cold War – EU – EU is a politico - economic union of 28 member states that are primarily located in Europe
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- Cold War