final exam notes 2 and quizlets.docx

Unlimited participation professional basketball

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unlimited participation professional basketball players allowed o the premiere of the American basketball “Dream Team” of professional players Notable track stars: Carl Lewis , Jackie Joyner-Kersee , Gail Devers , Michael Johnson *IOC decides to stagger the summer & winter games, a summer or a winter game every 2 years -1998: Soccer World Cup record breaking participation “greatest sport event in the world” France defeats reigning champ, Brazil, in the Finals
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-baseball, softball, tae kwon do & the triathlon are added -NBC purchases broadcasting rights from 200-2008, 3.8 billion $ -IOC officially resides in Lausanne, Switzerland -international spot federations begin to sponsor women’s sports *The Winter Games of 2002 (Salt Lake City) big scandal: Marc Hodler & many other IOC members are forced to resign after receiving bribes from the Salt Lake Bid Committee to vote for Salt Lake City to host the Games E:DOPING *first introduction of doping tests in the Olympics: Games of 1968 (Mexico City) Swedish pentathlete Hans-Gunnar Lijenwall was disqualified for alcohol use prior to competing -doping was the central issue of the Games of 1998 (Seoul) * steroids are found in Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson after winning a gold medal -in 1980’s: drug testing not taken seriously positive tests would get destroyed feared loss of sponsors when commercialism was so big *swimmers and other athletes illegally use asthma medication to help them breath better *Tour de France of 1998 & 2007: several athletes caught “blood doping the transfusion of more red blood cells into bloodstream for a better performance can be done through the drug erythropoietin * 2 main issues in doping: uneven playing field: bc of light punishments and # of pardons granted to dopers, certain events are dominated by lawbreakers. Playing field is undecided since other athlete are non-dopers irregular/nonexistent testing of athletes, especially in the US
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Part 3: Gender and Sports and Title IX A: GENDER & SPORTS 1. Sport Participation & Women *Sport participation increased dramatically for women since 1970’s due in part by the following factors: -Equal rights legislation: Title IX of the Educational Amendments in 1972 -Global Women’s Rights Movement Females enhanced as human beings: intellectual and physical abilities -Health and Fitness movement Traditional ideas of femininity: thin and sexually attractive to men Emphasis on development of physical strength and competence -Increases publicity given to female sports Media images help girls envision possibilities for developing athletic skills and that sports are human activities, not only male activities B: THE FUTURE FOR WOMEN’S SPORTS: BLEAK OR BRIGHT? -While some gains can be made, the future for women’s sports looks more bleak than bright 1.Reasons for cautious hope include: -Budget cuts and privatization of sport -Resistance to legislation Those who benefit from the status quo often resist legislation that mandates change
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  • Fall '10
  • Hill
  • Pragmatism, Olympic Games, Summer Olympic Games, International Olympic Committee, Winter Olympic Games, 2008 Summer Olympics, The Politics

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