Key Terms Agriscience A High School and occasionally 8 thGrade Middle School

Key terms agriscience a high school and occasionally

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Key Terms Agriscience: A High School, and occasionally 8 th Grade Middle School, class that allows students to explore science topics within the field of agriculture. Course material contains elements of the scientific principles of soil, plants, animals and the environment; including the application of these scientific principles in agriculture. Elective Class: Elective classes are optional classes or courses within a required course of study that students enroll in. Elective classes focus on a particular area of study such as business, agriculture, art, or music that is chosen by the student. Though students must pass their elective classes, they are free to select an area of interest. Electronic Portfolio: “A portfolio is a collection of work developed across varied contexts over time. The portfolio can advance learning by providing students and/or faculty with a way to organize, archive and display pieces of work (Regis University Electronic Portfolio Project, n.d.).” 1:1 Computing: 1:1 computing (1:1), a scenario in which each student has individual access to an Internet connected computing device. Policies may differ on whether students are allowed to take the devices home (Penuel, 2006). In this study 1:1 ” is used and also written as “1:1.”
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MOBILE DEVICE IMPACT ON STUDENT PERFORMANCE 4 Review of Literature Agricultural science teachers are not immune to the need of integrating technology into the classroom and see their roles expanding to include technology integration (Anderson & Williams, 2012). Integrating technology into the educational process allows the instructor to think outside the classroom and develop new experiences to meet learning goals (Williams, 2006). One way that technology can be integrated into the educational process is through the implementation of 1:1 computing devices. A number of studies have shown that 1:1 implementations have had a positive effect on student learning outcomes, though findings are inconsistent in regards to student achievement (Bebell & Kay, 2010; Lei & Zhao, 2008; Penuel, 2006). Implementation of 1:1 devices in an agriscience classroom has the potential to have a positive impact on student posttest performance due to easier access to information and increased student motivation. This review of literature examines studies that explore the effects of 1:1 implementations and their impact on student achievement, instructional practices, student engagement, and access. Student Achievement A number of factors influence student learning and instructional practices when implementing computer technology in the classroom, and it has been demonstrated that a correlation between increased computer usage and learning outcomes exists (Bebell & Kay, 2010). Though it has been demonstrated that 1:1 implementations and computer use have an effect on a variety of student outcomes; the central question, and ultimate measure for many educators, is: What is the impact on student achievement?
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