tertiary water distribution network and community toilets in slums were

Tertiary water distribution network and community

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tertiary water distribution network and community toilets in slums were anticipated to contribute to the achievement of Millennium Development Goal 7, i.e., to ensure environmental sustainability in an inclusive manner. 8 ADB. 2013. Country Partnership Strategy: India, 2013 2017 . Manila; ADB. 2013. Country Operations Business Plan: India, 2013 2015 . Manila. 9 Government of India. The Constitution (74th Amendment) Act, 1992 . New Delhi
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3 3 which emphasizes poverty alleviation, governance reforms, institutional capacity building, improved operation and maintenance (O&M) to ensure the effectiveness of infrastructure investments, and the financial strengthening of urban local bodies (ULBs). With regard to urban poverty alleviation and slum improvement, the plan emphasized the need to provide the slum population with improved water supplies and toilets, which were key focus areas under the project’s community funds. In the urban sector, the plan emphasized improving the water supply to achieve prescribed norms, a higher degree of reliability, water quality security, a high standard of O&M, accountability to customers, and recovery of user charges, which were the primary aims of th e project’s urban water supply subcomponent. 10 9. The adopted project loan modality was more relevant than the alternative program loan modality available at the time of initial approval, as program lending was deemed more suited to mature executing agencies. The loan modality remained the same for the supplementary loan. 10. The project was designed to address the specific urban infrastructure needs and priorities of the project towns. Based on a detailed problem analysis, the project preparatory TA identified six generic project components for the project cities: (i) urban water supply, (ii) sewerage and sanitation, (iii) SWD, (iv) SWM, (v) municipal action plans for poverty reduction (MAPPs), and (vi) institutional development. 11 All of these subsectors were initially retained because they were pertinent to the cities’ needs. The SWM and sanitary landfill sites components were later dropped in Bhopal and Gwalior because no suitable site was available in Bhopal, and Gwalior had developed the facility under different funding. 12 Similarly, the sewerage and drainage component was dropped in Indore due to subprojects undertaken under other funding sources. 13 The proposed construction of five new sewage pumping stations in Jabalpur was dropped after it was established that altering the route of trunk sewers would cause sewage in the selected zones to be carried to the sewage treatment plant by gravity. These changes, which resulted in loan cancellations but did not require scope changes, enhanced the project’s relevance by e nsuring the optimum utilization of funds and ensuring efficient infrastructure design.
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