Originally oral (not written down); only collected many years later-Can be traced back very far (over 2000 years old)-No one knows who the writers are (anonymously written)-Written in prose (ballads in poetry)-Many contain ‘fairies’ (not all) or magical elements-Not written for children, written for adults-One of the most famous: Grimm’s Fairy Tales; went around to collect fairytales-Added morals for the children-Ex. Little Red Riding Hood moral: don’t stray off the path, don’t talk to strangers-Disney chose to follow Perrault (less scary)-Story is a fantasy, don’t try to be realistic -Have a pattern of wish fulfilment -Magic is a prominent element of most fairy tales-Main characters are winning the jackpotFairy tales- wish-fulfilment- audience was poor adults- orally told- anonymously written- relied on luck and magic- bc the world of fairy-tales is unjust- most traditional fairy-tales have male leads- fairy-tales are about power and powerlessness- the female protagonists share common features:beautiful, young, in distress bc they have no power, are rescuedthey are passivity (they do not try to save themselves)good (bc they are passive)pure-hearted (they are very innocent and gentle)humble/modest, they have no desire (women who have no desire and no ambition are considered to bea good quality in the fairy-tale world)She gets rewarded not for what she does, but for what she isThey have a good tempter (they don’t lose their temper even if bad things happen)They are meekIf you are good, then you are pretty just like Cinderella. Whereas if you desire for things you will be ugly just like the stepsisters- in fairy-tales there is an emphasis on physical appearance, only the beautiful will be picked. A woman ispicked for her beauty, not for her mind or herself- marriage in fairy-tales: can be bad (forced marriage) or can be good (finding true love…)- marriage is a reward for being beautiful, marriage is linked to wealth- fairy-tales opening with: “once upon a time”- faity-tales ending with: “happily ever after”Usually ending with the wedding
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There is no exploration of the relationship anymore- reward in fairy-tales: usually material gainCinderella does not find true love, she finds wealthSleeping beauty wakes up and marries the prince, who happens to be rich- fairy-tales has stuck with us more than ballads because of the notion of material wealth in fairy tales. Wealthis linked with luck.- plot convention: there will be a magic helper or a lot of luck, it ends with a triumph of the protagonist,marriage is linked to wealthThere Was OnceAntagonist: if you have a story, the story must reflect the truth of one societyVerisimilitude: the story has everything modern world doesAntagonist: wants the audience to decide which story to be toldStarts of simple with a fairy-tale convention but then she goes to these political stuffThere is 3 people talking in this short story: 2 voices are female, 1 of them is male
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