Narrative Poetry- Poetry that tells a story. One kind of narrative poem is the epic, a long poem which sets form the heroic ideals of a particular society.Narrator- One who narrates or tells, a story. A writer may choose to have a story told by a first person narrator, someone who is either a major or minor character. Or, a writer may choose to use a third person narrator, someone who is not in the story at all. Third person narrators are often omniscient, or "all knowing"- that is, they are able to enter into the minds of all the characters in the story.Nonfiction- Any prose narrative that tells about things as they actually happened or that posses factual information about something. Autobiography and biography are the most common forms.Novel- A fictional narrative in prose, generally longer than a short story. The author is not restricted by historical facts but rather is free to create fictional personalities in a fictional world.Octave- The first eight lines of a Petrarchan (or Italian) sonnet.Onomatopoeia- The use of a word whose sound in some degree imitates or suggests its meaning. The names of some birds are onomatopoetic, imitating the cry of the bird named. For instance, cuckoo, whippoorwill, owl, crow.Parallelism- The use of phrases, clauses, or sentences that are similar or complementary in structure or in meaning. Paraphrase- A summary or recapitulation of a piece of literature. A paraphrase does not enhancea literary work. It merely tells in the simplest form what happened.Personification- A figure of speech in which an animal, an object, a natural force, or an idea is given personality, or described as if it were human.Persuasion- The type of speaking or writing that is intended to make its audience adopt a certainopinion or pursue an action or do both.Petrarchan Sonnet- A fourteen-line lyric poem consisting of two parts: the octave (or first eight lines) and the sestet (or last six lines). The Petrarchan, or Italian sonnet, originated in Italy in thirteenth century and was much used by the Italian poet Francesco Petraarch. Its rhyme schemeis abbaabba cdecde.
Plot- The sequence of events or happenings in a literary work. Plots may be simple or complex, loosely constructed or close-knit. But every plot is made up a series of incidents that are related to one another. Poetry- Traditional poetry is language arranged in lines, with a regular rhythm and often a definiterhyme scheme. Nontraditional poetry does away with regular rhythm and rhyme, although is usually is set up in lines. The richness of its suggestions, the sounds of its words, and the strong feelings evoked by its line are often said to be what distinguish poetry from other forms of literature. Poetry is difficult to define, but most people know when they read it.