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DSST Anthropology as a Discipline 2

Question 48 of 60 the sumerian culture grew in

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Question 48 of 60
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The Sumerian culture grew in southern Mesopotamia, near the Persian Gulf. They established the social, economic and intellectual foundations of Mesopotamian culture and were followed by Akkadians and Babylonians who united the region. Your Answer: Explanation These peoples contributed important advances in technology (bronze tools and weapons), in writing (cuneiform), law, education and religious thought. Question 49 of 60 Early Sumerian temples were built on the ruins of the last one, and they developed into stepped towers called Ziggurats (from an Assyrian word meaning pinnacles ). Your Answer: Explanation The ziggurat of Ur was built by King Ur-Nammu and dedicated to the Sumerian moon goddess, Nanna. Question 50 of 60 The Babylonians also built many ziggurats , which served as temples to their various gods and goddesses. Their highest god was Marduk. Your Answer: Explanation Marduk was connected with magic, judgment, water, and vegetation. Question 51 of 60 Hammurabi's law code reflects the desire for discipline and order in society and yet, showed that Mesopotamian civilization is pessimistic in outlook. Your Answer: Explanation Hammurabi was one of the most famous kings of Babylon. His most noted contribution was the creation of the world's first written, comprehensive law code, often referred to as the Code of Hammurabi. It is important to note, that laws did exist prior to Hammurabi. Law codes had always existed (usually passed down orally), and some had been written, but even the previous written ones were not complete and comprehensive. The Code of Hammurabi was a collection of all recognized laws, most made by judges in the past and not passed by Hammurabi himself. Hammurabi claimed that these laws were sanctioned by the gods, and had copies carved on markers to be placed in prominent locations such as temple courtyards. Question 52 of 60 The authority of a Pharaoh was generally strong as evidenced by the pyramids of the Old Kingdom and the imperialism of Thutmose III and Ramses II. Your Answer:
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Explanation The kings of ancient Egypt were known as pharaohs. The authority of a pharaoh is referred to as Pharaonic Authority. Question 53 of 60 The Hittites were responsible for the smelting of iron. Your Answer: Question 54 of 60 The Assyrians established an empire which by 665 B.C. included Palestine, Syria, and much of Asia Minor down to the Persian Gulf in the southeast. Your Answer: Explanation In addition to maintaining and ruthlessly exploiting their empire, the Assyrians served as a buffer to the civilized Middle East against the barbarians on the frontiers. Question 55 of 60 The Assyrian empire finally fell because of internal revolution and a defeat in 612 B.C.E. by the Neo- Babylonians (Chaldeans). Your Answer: Explanation While these empires rose and fell, the most important intellectual development was that of the Hebrew religion.
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