Long as the minimum wage remains above the market

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long as the minimum wage remains above the market equilibrium wage. The resulting surplus of labor creates a pool of unemployed workers—people who would like to work at the prevailing minimum wage, but who cannot find a job.
6. Contrasting labor union laws in two states Consider two states that adopt different laws concerning labor unions. The following graph shows the labor market in a state in the North. Initially, the market-clearing wage there is $8.00 per hour. Suppose that the legislature in this northern state passes laws that make it easy for workers to join a union. Through collective bargaining, the union negotiates a wage of $10.00 per hour. Use the graph input tool to help you answer the following questions. You will not be graded on any changes you make to this graph. At the union wage, 600,000 union workers will be employed. The following graph shows the labor market in a state in the South. The legislature in this state passes strong "right-to- work" laws that make it very difficult for unions to organize workers, so the wage is always equal to the market- clearing value. Except for this difference in legislation, the two states are very similar. The initial position of the graph corresponds to the initial labor market condition in the southern state before the labor union negotiated the new, higher wage for workers in the northern state. Suppose that after the wage goes up in the northern state, some workers in the northern state lose their jobs and decide to move to the southern state. Adjust the graph to show what happens to employment and wages in the southern state.
Which of the following groups are worse off as a result of the union action in the northern state? Check all that apply.

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