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There are two views either pessimists or optimists

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accommodate the current system. There are two views, either pessimists or optimists. Randall Schweller believes that the future will be pessimistic, there are three roles that emerging states can take: spoilers, supporters, or shirkers. The logic of spoilers is the idea of that the “emergence of a rising challenger—one dissatisfied not only with its place in the established order, but with the legitimacy of the order itself. Supporters 4 Jo Marie Griesgraber, “Reforms for Major New Roles of the International Monetary Fund? The IMF Post-G-20 Summit,” Global Governance , Vol. 15, No. 2, Apr-June, 2009, p. 180. 5 Ibid ., p. 182. 6 Ibid ., pp. 182-183. 7 Ibid ., pp. 183-184.
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on the other hand will take the role of being responsible stakeholders of the current international system since mutual interdependence benefits all. While shirkers will free-ride while the declining hegemon pay the costs of the order. 8 References Griesgraber, Jo Marie. “Reforms for Major New Roles of the International Monetary Fund? The IMF Post-G-20 Summit.” Global Governance . Vol. 15, No. 2, Apr-June, 2009, pp. 179-185. Karns, Margaret P. and Mingst, Karen A. International Organizations: The Politics and Processes of Global Governance. 2 nd Ed. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2010. Schweller, Randall. “Emerging Powers in an Age of Disorder.” Global Governance . Vol. 17, No. 3, July-Sept, 2011, pp. 285-297. 8 Randall Schweller, “Emerging Powers in an Age of Disorder,’ Global Governance , Vol. 17, No. 3, July-Sept, 2011, pp. 287-290.
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  • Spring '13
  • Economics, International Monetary Fund

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