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Disadvantages of relative pb model include 1 book

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Disadvantages of relative P/B model include: (1) book value may be understated or overstated, particularly for a company like Eastover, which has valuable assets on its books carried at low historical cost; (2) book value may not be representative of earning power or future growth potential; (3) changing accounting standards make historical comparisons difficult. 13. The following table summarizes the valuation and ROE for Eastover and Southampton: Eastover Southampton Stock Price $28.00 $48.00 Constant-growth model $43.20 $29.00 2-stage growth model $48.03 $35.50 Current P/E 17.50 16.00 Current relative P/E 0.87 0.79 5-year average P/E 16.56 11.94 Relative 5 year P/E 1.09 0.79 Current P/B 1.62 1.49 Current relative P/B 0.62 0.57 5-year average P/B 1.52 1.10 Relative 5 year P/B 0.72 0.52 Current ROE 10.2% 7.8% Sustainable growth rate 3.7% 4.5% Eastover seems to be undervalued according to each of the discounted dividend models. Eastover also appears to be cheap on both a relative P/E and a relative P/B basis. Southampton, on the other hand, looks overvalued according to each of the discounted dividend models and is slightly overvalued using the relative price/book model. On a relative P/E basis, SHC appears to be fairly valued. Southampton does have a slightly higher sustainable growth rate, but not appreciably so, and its ROE is less than Eastover’s. 19-8
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The current P/E for Eastover is based on relatively depressed current earnings, yet the stock is still attractive on this basis. In addition, the price/book ratio for Eastover is overstated due to the low historical cost basis used for the timberland assets. This makes Eastover seem all the more attractive on a price/book basis. Based on this analysis, Mulroney should select Eastover over Southampton. 14. a. Net income can increase even while cash flow from operations decreases. This can occur if there is a buildup in net working capital -- for example, increases in accounts receivable or inventories, or reductions in accounts payable. Lower depreciation expense will also increase net income but can reduce cash flow through the impact on taxes owed. b. Cash flow from operations might be a good indicator of a firm's quality of earnings because it shows whether the firm is actually generating the cash necessary to pay bills and dividends without resorting to new financing. Cash flow is less susceptible to arbitrary accounting rules than net income is. 15. $1,200 Cash flow from operations = sales – cash expenses – increase in A/R Ignore depreciation because it is a non-cash item and its impact on taxes is already accounted for. 16. a Both current assets and current liabilities will decrease by equal amounts. But this is a larger percentage decrease for current liabilities because the initial current ratio is above 1.0. So the current ratio increases. Total assets are lower, so turnover increases. 17. a Cost of goods sold is understated so income is higher, and assets (inventory) are valued at most recent cost so they are valued higher.
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