g children are symbolized as small animals Wish fulfillment in dreams the

G children are symbolized as small animals wish

This preview shows page 4 - 7 out of 18 pages.

symbolically (e.g., children are symbolized as small animals) - Wish fulfillment – in dreams, the acting out of ideas and impulses that are repressed when one is conscious Humanistic Therapies: Client-centered therapy (Carl Rogers): - How to lead someone back to themselves? Give them something they are lacking – an atmosphere in which they have the freedom to be who they are Genuineness (congruence) Acceptance (unconditional positive regard) Empathy Goal: grow toward self-actualization (realization of inner potential)
Image of page 4
Behavioral Therapies: Classical conditioning techniques: - Exposure & response prevention: facing the feared object - Systematic desensitization (w/relaxation exercises) used primarily to treat specific phobias: pairing an imagined feared object with relaxation - Flooding: immersing someone in their fear until it loses its power - Aversive conditioning: acquire a conditioned response i.e. alcohol + antabuse = nauseous/ smoking + shock = pain Operant conditioning techniques: - Stimulus satiation - Token economics - Time outs - Contingency managements Cognitive Therapies: – Albert Ellis: Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT): attempts to modify irrational beliefs that cause distress - ABC Theory A ctivating event leads to (irrational) B elief about event which leads to emotional C onsequence – Aaron Beck: Cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) - Goal: teach patients to stop/challenge the automatic thoughts - effective for depression & anxiety Group Therapies: Biological Therapies: Antipsychotic drugs: may cause tardive dyskinesia Antidepressants: used primarily to treat depresssion Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT): may cause temporary memory loss Exam 2 Chapter 1 – Psychological Science Theory: An explanation that organizes observations and predicts behaviors or events Hypothesis: A specific statement about behavior or mental processes that is tested through research
Image of page 5
Intersexuality Adrenogenital Syndrome: - Chromosomes: XX (Female) - Cause: Fetus is exposed to male hormones in utero - Symptoms: “Masculinzed” genitals—look more like male genitals Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome (AIS): - Chromosomes: XY (Male) - Cause: In utero, body either doesn’t respond to male hormones at all (Full AIS) or only partially responds to male hormones (Partial AIS) - Symptoms in “Full AIS”: External genitalia looks like a totally normal female, but the internal genitalia is not really formed. There are testes that are undescended. Often not diagnosed until adolescence, when the “female” goes to the doctor because she has not started menstruating DHT Deficiency (a.k.a. “guevedoces”): - Chromosomes: XY (Male) - Cause: Mutated gene prevents body from converting testosterone into DHT (a much more potent form of testosterone) while in utero - Symptoms: Testes do not descend before birth, internal anatomy is male but external anatomy looks more like a female’s. Usually raised as females.
Image of page 6
Image of page 7

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 18 pages?

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes