A claim with a conclusion intro into ethics professor

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A claim with a conclusion
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Intro into Ethics Professor: Jacob Affolter Indicator reasoning words are used in arguments to conclusions 9/23: Warrant - makes evidence a unit to believe a conclusion 9/25 Kantianism Kantianism Immanuel kant lived and worked in 18th century konigsberg He revolutionized at least two branches of philosophy: metaphysics and ethics A large number of people working in ethics think of themselves as kantians Neo-kantianism Kantianism is a deontological theory Deontological theories hold Certain actions are right or wrong regardless of the consequences There is something about the nature of certain actions that make them wrong They tend to divide into two types: Rights- based theories Duty-based theories Main difficulty Once we de ide to base morality on rights or duties, we must figure out what those rights or duties are Once we say that certain actions are morally wrong and certain actions are morally required, we have to figure out which actions those are We cannot base the answer to these questions on consequences That would just be rule consequentialism Hand held that there was one basic principle of ethics: the categorical imperative There is one categorical imperative There are three formulations of the categorical imperative Two formulations The first two formulations are first : an action is morally acceptable, if and only if, it's maxim is universalizable Second Always treat humanity, whether in yourself or others, as an end in itself Theoretically, these are saying the same thing in different words Some people have concluded that they do not At the very least, they are not supposed to lead to opposite
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Intro into Ethics Professor: Jacob Affolter conclusions in a single case Central Idea According to S.L., the central idea behind kantianism is “do not make an exception of yourself” Basically, some people do the following: They want a rule to be in place for everyone else They want to break the rules when it suits their purposes The idea is that it is wrong to make an exception of yourself Problem There are several different ways to understand what it means to “not make an exception of yourself” Most of them do not work Kant's approach does The golden rule Treat others like you would want them to treat you Good point Prevents a lot of fairly ;obcious wrong actions: theft, murder, etc Problem There are a lot of bad things that if does not clearly rule out Sociopaths and murder Fanatics and religious persecution It says nothing about self-regarding actions Kant's solutions Maxims A maxim is a rule for action It has the form: “do X, in order that Y may happen.” Basic test Clearly state your maxim Imagine what the world would be like if everyone accepted and followed this maxim
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  • Fall '19
  • Jacob Affolter

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