Voting fit his views of the world as well as his

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voting fit his views of the world, as well as his political needs-if his Democraticparty was to survive against the wealthy Whig party, he needed the votes ofthe poor. Texas votes on everything, from governor to coroner.Therefore, in the 1850s, landholding requirements were lifted, so that “cost”disappeared. This also spread voting across numerous offices. The noblereason was that those who did not own land were affected by the governmentso they could have a right to participate.The real reasonwas that AndrewJackson and the Democratic Party needed the votes of non-landholders inorder to win. Do you think things would be different today if we had propertyrequirements for voting? Why or why not?2-8: Individual Participation- VotingCosts of Voting: 1860s
De Jure Expansion for Minority MalesWithout question, the 1860s were the most significant political decade in thehistory of this country. This decade contained a civil war that redefined themeaning and purpose of United States. It gave us our first glimpse of thepowerful modern presidency, and it offered the first real, significant expansionof voting rights, at least on paper. With the January 1, 1864EmancipationProclamation(Links to an external site.), Abraham Lincoln expanded the rightto vote toall males in the United States(although it did not take effect inTexas until June 19, 1865 orJuneteenth), and then later with the ratificationof the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the United StatesConstitution, he extended that right toall males over 21 in the formersouthern states as well. In order to win the war, Lincoln proposed expansionof suffrage simply to save the Union.Thenoble reasonfor this change was that it was the right thing to do-howcould you fight the Civil War to free slaves, but not give them the right to vote?The less than noble, orreal reason, was that President Lincoln was looking toincrease support for the war after more than two years and thousands ofdeaths and this would provide that additional support. The North was losingthe war and most people in the North were losing interest in fighting the war.While this expansion occurred legally in the 1860s, understand that it did nottake full effect in the Southern United States (and that included Texas) foranother one hundred years or so. While the 14th and 15th Amendments to theUS Constitution gave African-American males the right to vote legally (DeJure - by law), the law was ignored or abused in the Southern United Statesuntil the 1960s so that they did not in fact (De Facto - by fact) have that right.In order to keep African-Americans (and others) from voting, severalmechanisms were put in place in the South and throughout Texas. Considerthe following:Poll Tax (1902-1966):The poll tax meant that in order to vote, people wouldhave to pay a fee at the polls. This tax stayed in place in Texas until 1966 (onstate and local elections) and until 1964 on national elections. This was usedto discourage all poor voters, Black, White, or Hispanic, from voting.

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Term
Spring
Professor
Millsap
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