2. When the president’s junior speechwriters adopt a certain tone when crafting a speech, it is an example of . 4. FORMALauthority means that the right to exercise power is vested in a governmental office.5. Which of the following is the best example of legitimacy?
b. a speech given by the president c. the Federalist Papers d. the Pentagon papers 6 . In the fourth century B.C., the Greek polis, or city-state, extended citizenship and participation in government to FREE ADULT MALE PROPERTY HOLDERS. 7. ARISTOTLE referred to democracy as the “rule of the many.” 8 . A town meeting where all adult citizens gather annually to vote on issues is the embodiment of DIRECT democracy. 9 . Representative democracy is sometimes disapprovingly referred to as ELITIST theory of democracy. 10 . A political system is nondemocratic to the extent that it DENIES EQUAL VOTING RIGHTS TO PARTS OF ITS SOCIETY. 11 . The work of MILLS argues that the power elite view of American democracy is dominated by a few top leaders, many of them wealthy or privately powerful, who do not hold elective office. 12 . The class view of how power is distributed is most commonly associated with MARX . 13 . According to the BUREAUCRATIC view of how power is distributed, appointed officials run everything despite the efforts of elected officials and the public to control them. 14 . Which theory of how power is distributed views political resources as widely distributed? a. creedal passion b. pluralist c. class
15. Patrick Henry, leaders of the civil rights movement, and progressive reformers are historical examples modeling the 16. The fact that the rich are taxed more heavily than the poor and amendments that gave voting rights to minorities were passed by large majorities suggests that 17. Issues that people believe require governmental action refers to a 18. The 1954 Supreme Court decision to desegregate schools was met with a 19. With the growth of the bureaucracy, government’s role has shifted from simply reacting to events and demands from society to 20. TheCOSTof a proposed policy is any burden that people believe they must bear if the policy is enacted. 21. Which of the following is NOT an example of a widely distributed benefit? 22. InCLIENTpolitics, a policy is proposed in which one small group benefits and almost everybody pays.23. When a legislator supports a proposal favored by another in return for support of his or her own proposal, it is known as 24. Most major pieces of social legislation reflect
25. The authors suggestTHEPOLICY PROCESSis arguably one of the best barometers of changes in who governs.
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