Individual Differences in Information Encoding Based on Montaño 2010 working

Individual differences in information encoding based

This preview shows page 8 - 11 out of 13 pages.

Individual Differences in Information Encoding Based on Montaño (2010) working memory capacity individual differences have in the past been analyzed in association to overall greater-order cognitive undertakings as well as fluid intelligence. However, there exist a few types of research that focus on the operational memory capacity personal differences role in the coding of new information. Montaño (2010) discovered that working memory plays a vital role in new information encoding and that the condition of dual-task lowered accuracy differently based on the individuals' ability of their working memory. The researcher states that past studies have examined the working memory capacity individual differences specifically on the information retrieval processes. He discovers that there lays a relationship between encoding and retrieval of information. The working memory capacity individual differences identified in information retrieval might be the byproduct of differences in encoding processes ( Montaño, 2010).
Image of page 8
WORKING MEMORY 9 Cognitive Tasks in Real World Besides relating to perceptual and cognitive laboratory tasks, working memory capacity individual differences contribute widely to contemporary world cognitive undertakings. Span scores are associated with the following activities; Reading comprehension Language understanding Problem-solving Vocabulary knowledge Reasoning Strategies adaption to varying success rates Spelling Following instructions Logic learning Emotional processing and storytelling Also working memory capacity is highly associated with fluid intelligence. Almeida…, et al (2010) defines fluid intelligence as the reasoning ability, solving novel problems as well as the ability to adapt to new environments. Conclusion In summary, working memory capacity individual differences is reflected through the attention control ability related to the central executive characteristic of the working memory. Individual differences can be considered in the "goal-controlled attention source" that works to
Image of page 9
WORKING MEMORY 10 suppress, preserve or activate memory illustrations. It is related to the circuitry and anatomy of the associated and PFC structures. A cloud of compound span tasks is used to measure working memory capacity. A compound span task is a memory span task implanted in a subsidiary processing task that possesses powerful validity and reliability. Individual differences within working memory capacity are associated with a wide range of processing results that include; the ability to concurrently actively maintain task- or goal-related representations in mind. It is also related to engaging within a directed memory search as well as effortful retrieval of extra task-or goal associated representations as required ( Almeida…, et al, 2010). Personal differences within operational memory capacity are related to monitoring for possible conflicts during times of competing for response alternatives and address these conflicts
Image of page 10
Image of page 11

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 13 pages?

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors