As no definition of old was given the red guards

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As no definition of “old” was given, the Red Guards selected the targets of their attacks themselves. The arbitrariness truned into terror. No private space existed any longer. Social cracks ran through families, residential areas, firms and schools.
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Long Live the Victory of the Great Proletariat Cultural Revolution!
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Against Intellectuals
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Against Religion
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Against Religion
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Against Party Members
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Cultural Revolution (early stage): 1966-1969 Liu Shaoqi’s downfall
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Criticize and denounce Wang Guangmei, wife of Liu Shaoqi
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Cultural Revolution (early stage): 1966-1969 In-fighting among different factions of the “red guards” The army took control “Down to the countryside” College entrance exam abolished High school graduates sent to rural areas
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Youth Down to the Countryside 50s-80s 20 millions totally Peak in cultural revolution 1968
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Youth Down to the Countryside
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Cultural Revolution (early stage): 1966-1969 The Ninth National Congress of the Communist Party of China (1969) Formally ratified the political purge of Liu Shaoqi and Deng Xiaoping, and elevated Mao's radical allies formally to power. Ling Biao delivered the keynote political report at the congress, lauding the ideology of “continuous revolution” Cultural revolution claimed success and over At the Congress, Mao's "continuous revolution" ideology was written into the Party Constitution. Lin Biao was named "the close comrade-in-arms of Chairman Mao and his successor".
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Cultural Revolution (middle stage): 1969-1971 Tension between Mao and Lin Biao Suspicion of Lin’s grab of power Downfall of Lin Biao Lin’s escape and plane crash in 1971 Disillusionment of party cadre and the public - The young people saw the reality, the poverty in rural areas, the ruthlessness of the local cadres, the discontent of the peasants, the lack of efficiency and motivation. - They also experienced first hand the corruption among the local cadres
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Cultural Revolution (Late stage): 1972-1976 Zhou Enlai’s influence increased Rebuilt the state and party apparatus Shift focus to economic development Mao’s distrust of Zhou and “Criticize Lin (Biao), Criticize Confucius campaign” Deng Xiaoping returned to power in 1975 Plan for “Four Modernizations” to strengthen the fields of agriculture, industry, national defense, science and technology in China The issue of succession “Gang of Four” vs. Zhou and Deng
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The End of the 10-year Turmoil 1976 Zhou Enlai died in January The “April 5 th ” Movement Mass demonstration Cleared by force Deng was purged again Mao died in September Hua Guofeng declared heir October, “Gang of Four” arrested
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Post 1976 Transition Hua Guofeng carried on Mao’s policies and resisted Deng’s return 1977 Deng came back to center stage Deng’s reform began in early 1979 and became the paramount leader in China until his death Hua faded out in a few years
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Looking back…… Tremendous social change
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