112 nonetheless the 2012 revisions that extended the

Info icon This preview shows pages 21–23. Sign up to view the full content.

112 Nonetheless, the 2012 revisions that extended the length of combined leave to twelve months also raised the ceiling and restored the original 80% of regular salary; 113 however, the Iceland Act still mandates that the maximum monthly pay a parent may receive during family leave is ISK 350,000.114 The Iceland Act provides for maternity and paternity leave from salaried employment due to birth, adoption of a child under eight years of age, or permanent foster care of a child under eight years of age. 115 The right to take leave generally begins with birth or introduction of an adopted or foster child into the home, but a mother must take at least two weeks of leave after the child's birth, and either parent may begin taking leave one 107. Aslaug Skdlad6ttir, Iceland: The Parental Revolution, NORDIC LAB. J. (Sept. 1, 2005), - 18.994 2994457. 108. Iceland Act, supra note 95, § II, art. 4; see also Jonsdottir, supra note 98, at 11 (noting an increase in the leave levy in order to fund the levy). 109. Iceland Act, supra note 95, § IV, art. 13. 110. Eydal & Gislason, supra note 99. 111. Jonsdottir, supra note 98, at 11. 112. Eydal & Gislason, supra note 99. 113. Id. 114. Iceland Act, supra note 95, § IV, art. 13. 115. Id. § III, art. 7(a)-(c). [Vol. 37:1
Image of page 21

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

ENCOURAGING WORK-FAMIL Y BALANCE month before the expected birth. 116 Apart from those provisions, leave can be taken all at once or spread out over a 24-month period, so long as periods of leave are at least two weeks in duration." 7 Mothers and fathers may take leave concurrently or separately. 118 Single parents are entitled to the full 12 months of leave. 11 9 The law applies to homosexual couples in the same manner as heterosexual couples. 120 Eligible employees are those in salaried positions "in the service of others" working at least 25% of full-time employment each month, as well as self-employed persons who contribute to the Maternity/Paternity Leave Fund through the insurance levy. 121 An employee is eligible for leave pay from the Fund if they have been employed in the Icelandic labor market for six consecutive months before taking leave.12 Unemployed students who are enrolled in at least 75% of full-time enrollment may also receive a government grant that functions similarly to pay for family leave. 123 V. KEY DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE ICELAND ACT AND FMLA A number of features of Iceland's law could be incorporated into FMLA in order to remedy some of the problems with FMLA identified above. 124 Because Iceland's law is broadly applied to nearly anyone who is employed, as well as to unemployed 116. Id. § TV, art. 8. 117. Id. § IV, art. 10. 118. Jonsdottir, supra note 98, at 10. 119. Iceland Act, supra note 95, § IV, art. 8. 120. See Jonsdottir, supra note 98, at 10 (noting that Iceland was the second European country to permit same-sex partners to adopt each other's children and that, as of 2006, same-sex couples have complete rights to artificial insemination and adoption).
Image of page 22
Image of page 23
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.
  • Fall '17
  • David Capco
  • Biology, FMLA, ........., Leave, parental leave

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern