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was set up by Zhao Gou, son of the Northern Song Emperor. The Southern Song was founded byZhao Kuangyin. He was reuniting China. The Song Dynasty never match to the Han and Tang Dynasty in size or military success. The Song Dynasty restored connections in China, placates neighbors rather than fight them, reduces power of generals and nobles, strengthens the civil
service and the civil service exam (World History Volume I, page 315). The Southern Song cameto an end in 1279. The politics of the Song Dynasty: the policy of examination based on knowledge of Chinese literature and Confucian classics did not create a class of equality during the Song Dynasty. Society of the Song Dynasty: the revival of Confucian attitudes was prevalent replacingthe popular Buddhism. The period is remembered for the accomplishments in science, technology, literature, and the fine arts. With the invention of paper, the literacy was high. Economics of the Song Dynasty: art and technology advance flourished. Rice growing regions became prominent because of the canal. Trades were reopened with other countries and exports were traded. Banks were open and credit was developed. Paper money was invented. A solid agrarian culture strengthened the economy. Large estates were divided to allow for equal distribution of farming land. Song Dynasty service until the Mongol Conquests (World History Volume I page 317.)Sources:Judge, E. H., Langdon, J. W. (2016). Connections: A World History, Volume 1, 3rd Edition. [Bookshelf Online].