D before signing a document to a remote server for

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D. Before signing a document to a remote server for storage, a computer calculates and attach its message digest. 14. Patient's records are stored in a database server at the hospital. Why do all medical databases have to be encrypted? A. To ensure the confidentiality of patient's personal information. B. To ensure the non-repudiation of patients information. C. To ensure the integrity of patients information. D. To ensure the availability of patients information. 15. The chief executive officer of a company is sending out an important financial memo to the chief financial officer. Which corporate symbol security will verify that the memo was sent by the chief executive officer? A. Digital signatures - A digital signature (not to be confused with a digital certificate) is a mathematical technique used to validate the authenticity and integrity of a message, software or digital document B. X.509 certificate - C. Asymmetric cryptography - Asymmetric cryptography or public- key cryptography is cryptography in which a pair of keys is used to encrypt and decrypt a message so that it arrives securely. Initially, a network user receives a public and private key pair from a certificate authority. D. Non-repudiation - Nonrepudiation is the assurance that someone cannot deny something. Typically, nonrepudiation refers to the ability to ensure that a party to a contract or a communication cannot deny the authenticity of their signature on a document or the sending of a message that they originated. 16. In a common attack against servers, one or more clients repeatedly request the allocation of resources without accepting the offer of the connection. As a result, the server is unable to respond to legitimate request for connection. What is the term for this type of attack? A. SYN flooding - A SYN flood is a form of denial-of-service attack in which an attacker sends a succession of SYN requests to a target's system in an attempt to consume enough server resources to make the system unresponsive to legitimate traffic. B. Connection baiting -
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C. Over provisioning - During this process, the SSD controller, or flash controller that manages NAND flash memory in an SSD, reads all the good pages of a block. (Skipping the invalid pages) and writes them to a new erased block. Then the original block is erased, thus preparing it for new data. Amount of Over-provisioning D. Unacknowledged link. 17. Which action represents an example of using cryptography to ensure non- repudiation? A. A client system encrypts the session key with the server's public key. B. A sending station encrypts a message digest with the sender's private key and attaches it to an outgoing message. C. A user provides his username and password, and provides correct answers to the security questions to gain access to bank's website.
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