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Activity will ensue time is felt to be more a matter

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activity will ensue. Time is felt to be more a matter of season, general time of day,or when the person is internally ready for a particular activity. "Every living thinghas its own inherent (time) system and you must deal with each plant or animal interms of its own time" (Hall, 1976, p. 71). The imposition of "clock time" bymembers of other cultures may be interpreted as arrogant, uncaring, or oppressivebehavior. Related to this is the tendency of Indian parents not to worry if their childis "not developing on time" according to others’ cultural or psychological standards.Touch:Touch is usually reserved for friends or intimates; however, many Indianshave adopted the European American custom of handshaking, at least outside oftraditional settings. The Indian handshake is very light and fleeting, to avoidimposing energy on the other person or receiving energy one does not want.Vocal patterns: Arelatively narrow, quiet range of pitch, tone, and volume isviewed as the proper adult communication pattern, especially when non-Indians orelders are present. Talking quickly, loudly, and very animatedly may be viewed withsome disapproval.Anglo or European American Communication PatternsEuropean Americans (ER’s) comprise around 40% of the U.S. population.Animation/Emotion:Emotionally expressive communication is not a preferredmode in public communication situations. In fact, European Americans worry thatintensely emotional interactions may lead to a loss of self-control, and thereforeshould be avoided. (Kochman, 1981). What people know is not necessarilyexpressed in behavior. There is a strong preference to preserve the appearance ofcordiality and friendliness, even when strong differences of opinion are present.European Americans prefer to speak about beliefs, opinions, intentions andcommitments. The prescribed value of "equality" in U.S. culture commonly leads toa presumption ofsameness:people assume that if they feel or think a certain wayabout a situation, others would feel or think much as they do, if placed in the sameor a similar situation (Samovar, Porter, & Jain, 1981).Directness/indirectness:European Americans tend to speak very directlyaboutcertain things.Their general form of communication tends to rely heavily on logicand technical information rather than allusion, metaphor, or other more creative oremotional styles of persuasion. "Good" communication is believed to be linear: thespeaker should move through their "points" in a straight, logical line, with anexplicitly stated conclusion (Kaplan, 1967; Stewart & Bennett, 1991, p.156).Eye Contact:The European American convention for eye contact is for the speakerto make intermittent brief contact with the listener, and for the listener to gazefairly steadily at the speaker. Children are specifically taught to look at the speaker(Kochman, 1981), and will be reprimanded if they do not. Direct eye contact isbelieved to be a sign of honesty and sincerity (Stewart & Bennett, 1991, p. 99;Johnson, 1971, p. 17; Althen, 1988, pp.143-144).

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Term
Fall
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
The Joy Luck Club, intercultural sensitivity

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