The piece is a pen and ink study which was used a as

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- The piece is a pen and ink study, which was used a as a study method to refine use of expression and realism of facial characteristics - Annibale Carracci, Sheet of Caricatures, c. 1595, Ink and Pen - This was the used to help students work out their issues with facial. The Carracci artists were considered extreme observers - Gianlorenzo Bernini, Caricature of a Captain in the Army of the Urban VIII, 1644 - The image has been quickly made and it was an initial thought. This is an assessment of a person’s characters through their outward appearance. Like the captain must have been “dickish.” - Graphic satire can express things that painting and sculpture cannot, such as ambiguity - Caricatures became popular because they were considered curiosities and collectables, because sense of humour never goes outside - James Gillray, Very Slippery-Weather, February 1, 1808, Published by Hannah Humphrey - In the eighteenth century graphic satire was a commercial commodity. It was very expensive. - It was targeted for people who could afford it - William Hogarth, The Battle of Pictures, 1743, Engraving, Published by William Heath in London
- There was a battle of the old masters and modern English art - There is a catalogue of Hogarth’s works - This works depicts Hogarth’s personal works being attacked by the works of the old masters, because he wanted express how damaging the collecting of the old masters was the English culture. - Graphic Satire appealed to many areas of English culture - Mr. James Gillray, James Gillray, 1819 - James Gillray was raised in a brethren, and was extremely intelligent, as he was self taught - Struggled with mental illness - He was very accomplished in satire; many people would not allow him to experiment with any other form of art. He wanted to be an academic artists. - James Gillray, A Voluptuary Under the Horrors of Digestion, Hand Coloured engraving, 1792. - Prince of Wales - The face of the Prince of Wales is extremely, and finally portrayed, almost as if it is a portraited while the entire room is satire - The face is finally done for recognizable and a Jab at the Royal Academy - Sir Joshua Reynolds, HRH George, Prince of Wales, RA, 1784, Oil on Canvas - Richard Newton (1777-1798) Treason!!! , 1798 - Radical politics- Bull farting on the king - The government enacted what was defined as high treason - Newton was testing the limits of the new law - James Gillray, Following the Fashion, 1794 - These pieces all depict English women of assumedly higher classes in extravagant clothing that are often associated with other nations such as France and colonized other countries. These imported fashion trends correspond with the wavering security of England’s true individuality and therefore were seen as appropriate means of commentary. - Doctor Syntax Loosing his way, Thomas Rowlandson, 1812, Hand Coloured Etchig - Engraving from a 16 th century painting by Jan Brueghel the Elder, Unknown Hand, 18 th century, engraving - The prints like these circulated in the artistic community and were collected by connoisseurs. There were people interested in the formal characteristics of engravings

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