Làm ch ? ng ữ 9 l ố i nói ph ụ h ọ a 91 ph

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làm ch ng . 9. L i nói ph h a 9.1 Ph ho câu kh ng ñị nh Khi mu n nói m t ng ườ i ho c v t nào ñ ó làm m t vi c gì ñ ó và m t ng ườ i, v t khác c ũ ng làm m t vi c nh ư v y, ng ườ i ta dùng so ho c too . ðể tránh ph i l p l i các t c a câu tr ướ c (m nh ñề chính), ng ườ i ta dùng liên t and và thêm m t câu ñơ n gi n (m nh ñề ph ) có s d ng so ho c too . Ý ngh ĩ a c a hai t này có ngh ĩ a là “c ũ ng th ế ”. John went to the mountains on his vacation, and we did too . John went to the mountains on his vacation, and so did we . I will be in VN in May, and they will too . I will be in VN in May, and so will they . He has seen her play, and the girls have too . He has seen her play, and so have the girls . We are going to the movie tonight, and he is too . We are going to the movie tonight, and so is he . She will wear a custome to the party, and we will too . She will wear a custome to the party, and so will we . Picaso was a famous painter, and Rubens was too . Picaso was a famous painter, and so was Rubens .
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S ư u t m và thi ế t k ế b i Ph m Vi t V ũ - 40 – Tr ườ ng ðạ i H c Kinh T ế ð à N ng Tu theo t nào ñượ c dùng mà c u trúc câu có s thay ñổ i: 1. Khi trong m nh ñề chính có ñộ ng t be b t c th i nào thì trong m nh ñề ph c ũ ng dùng t be th i ñ ó. I am happy, and you are too . I am happy, and so are you . 2. Khi trong m nh ñề chính có m t c m tr ñộ ng t + ñộ ng t , ví d will go, should do, has done, have written, must consider , ... thì các tr ñộ ng t trong m nh ñề ñ ó ñượ c dùng l i trong m nh ñề ph . They will work in the lab tomorrow, and you will too . They will work in the lab tomorrow, and so will you . 3. Khi trong m nh ñề chính không ph i là ñộ ng t be , c ũ ng không có tr ñộ ng t , b n ph i dùng các t do, does, did làm tr ñộ ng t thay th ế . Th i và th c a tr ñộ ng t này ph i chia theo ch ng c a m nh ñề ph . Jane goes to that school, and my sister does too . Jane goes to that school, and so does my sister . 9.2 Ph ho câu ph ñị nh C ũ ng gi ng nh ư too và so trong câu kh ng ñị nh, ñể ph ho m t câu ph ñị nh, ng ườ i ta dùng either ho c neither. Hai t này có ngh ĩ a “c ũ ng không”. Ba quy t c ñố i v i tr ñộ ng t , ñộ ng t be ho c do, does, did c ũ ng ñượ c áp d ng gi ng nh ư trên. Ta c ũ ng có th gói g n 3 quy t c ñ ó vào m t công th c nh ư sau:
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