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Cold WarWho:US/ USSRWhat: Standoff between the US and the USSR; Arms race; Fought together during WWII but Soviets resented American refusal to treat the USSR as a legitimate of the international community, creating mutual distrust. Russia began to expand in Eastern Europe and Americans feared that Russia planned to take over the world and the USSR came to resent the buildup of US arms. Where: Global conflict- battles fought in 3rd world countries When: 20th CenturyWhy: Capitalism vs. Socialism/ Democracy vs. CommunismDecolonizationWho:GandhiWhat:After WWII, decolonization was the process of transferring political sovereignty from formal European, American, and Japanese Empires to national governments. Gandhi was treated as a second-class citizen in South America even though he believed he was equal in theQueen’s eyes. After Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, he took a passive resistance method, refusing to submit to unjust laws and India became the first colony to achieve independence. Where: India- under British ruleWhen: 20th CenturyWhy:Decolonization is the process, but independence is the prize won through political agitation, organization, and armed revolt resulting from the accumulation of a long tradition of internal resistance.Elizabeth BentleyWho: Child worker in the British factory Industry What:Child labor= wage slave. Children workedlong hours of labor, had unfair working conditions, boys and girls equally received bad treatment, and were deprived of their families asthey worked to make money for their family.Where: England When:1833- Industrial RevolutionWhy: Gave perspective of negative effects of Industrial Revolution.2
Facing Mt. KenyaWho: Jomo KenyettaWhat: Man built a hut and during a storm, an elephant comes and takes the hut claiming that heneeded it more. The king of the jungle, the lion, says they need to go to court. During the hearing, the elephant only tells his side and the man is not allowed to get a word in, and the elephant gets the hut. The man rebuilds and the same happens with the other jungle animals. The man builds a huge hut, and when all of the animals are inside, the man burns it to the ground. Where: KenyaWhen: Mid 20th Century Why:Europeans came into Kenya claiming the right to rule the country and own the lands under the title of “Crown Lands”, but Kenya is really not theirs. Kenyatta’s Gikuyu tribe lost most of their lands because Europeans would come in with force and trick the people of Kenya into treaties. Kenyatta believes he must fight for emancipation or he will remain prey of rival imperialism, which will strive to gain more control each year. Franz FerdinandWho: Archduke of Austria, son of Archduke Karl LudwigWhat: Serbia and Bosnians wanted freedom from Austria-Hungary. Serbia was an ally with Russia and Austria-Hungary was allied with Germany. The assassination sparked WWI- Austria-Hungary blamed the Serbian government for the attack and used the incident as justification for settling the question of Slav nationalism.