How Hitler became chancellor and use this decree to consolidate his power

How hitler became chancellor and use this decree to

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How Hitler became chancellor and use this decree to consolidate his power - Walter Rathenau o 1867 – 1922 o Jewish statesman who served as German Foreign Minister during the Weimar Republic o Signed controversial treaty with Soviet Union o Immensely wealthy capitalist/industrialist o Represented everything stereotypical of Jew o Political beneficiary of revolution of 1918 o Hated as a democrat and radical right as a Jew and died by assassination - Scientific Racism o Using science to explain human origin and differences saying internal qualities including character, moral, and intelligence derived from external differences o Part of enlightenment drive for systematic scientific inquiry
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o Example: De Gobineau describes race as an unchanging “spiritual essence” by classifying racial hierarchy with culture creators, destroyers, and maintainers - Desecration of the Host o Middle age Europe o Bread and wine turned into body and blood of Jesus Christ o False allegations accusing Jews of stealing hosts and abusing them to re-enact the crucifixion of Jesus by stabbing or burning them o Argument against Jews adherence to their traditions o Proof that Judaism has no more virtue and is replaced but the Jews don’t realize it themselves o Example: painting of Jews in Passau, Germany in 1477 - Weimar Republic o 1919 – 1933 o Liberal and progressive democratic constitution after Germany’s military defeat in 1918 o First major European power after Russia to give women the vote o Strongest economy in Europe as neighboring countries struggle from postwar recoveries and Germany avoiding reparations o Facilitated the rise of the Nazi party o Faced hyperinflation in 1923 - Protocols of the Elders of Zion o 1902 o Secret meetings of an international conference of “the learned elders of Zion” o Anti-Semitic literary hoax aimed at showing the existence of an international Jewish conspiracy bent on world dominance o Behind forces of modernity including liberalism, parliamentary democracy, finance capitalism, Marxism, anarchism, and the press o Enjoy wide readership only when they were translated into numerous languages after WWI - Count Arthur de Gobineau o 1816 – 1882 o French nobility who wrote the essay on the inequality of the human races o Mentioned that race is an unchanging “spiritual essence” o Idea of racial hierarchy with culture creators (white), culture destroyers (black), and culture maintainers (yellow) o Shaped Hitler with the concept that a civilization’s rise and fall is dependent on race, not economy o Racial mixing is important to avoid for the survival of the white race - Paul von Hindenburg o President of Germany from 1925 – 1934 o Military leader – convinced government together with Erich Ludendorff that it was necessary to sue for peace in October 1918
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Signed the Armistice, ending WWI Started stab in the back theory to save own reputation o President – invoke Article 48 multiple times, gave Hitler chancellor position before he became president after himself - Houston Stewart Chamberlain o
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  • Spring '07
  • Gillerman
  • Adolf Hitler, Nazism, Weimar Republic, Paul von Hindenburg

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