Interdependence Interdependence is fundamental and beneficial to social life

Interdependence interdependence is fundamental and

This preview shows page 36 - 37 out of 39 pages.

Interdependence Interdependence is fundamental and beneficial to social life Interdependence promotes tolerance and civility We are connected in a vast, global network of exchange Everyone looks for the best goods at the lowest prices When we buy and sell, we remake world economy and politics As buyers or sellers, there are unequal influences on this process Some are clearly more powerful than others (more money) However, in the end we are all affected by this process Networks of millions form from multiple dyadic relationships Markets require regulation as they are vulnerable to many things E.g., distortion by insiders, monopolists, fraudsters Market ability to set prices independently creates distinction Distinguishes free markets from command economies Deregulation causes increased economic instability and inequality Governments have increasingly attempted to divert attention Focus is on exaggerated dangers of criminal violence and marijuana However, they ignore how banks and brokers pilfer people’s savings The Internet is a vast information market that is virtually unregulated Participants establish the value and credibility of what others display However, people trust it because it is as credible as outside sources Cyberspace’s diversity is it’s most striking feature Richness of the Internet has continued to de-localize social interaction Development of high-speed transport and communication also de-localized it E.g., trains, planes, and cars, along with mail, telegraphs, and telephones Small World Experiment (Stanley Milgram [1967]) What is the probability that two strangers would know each other? How many links in a network connect two random people? Chose random individuals in two cities to be the starting point of a search Then named specific individuals in another city as the target Asked the random people to get to the target only through people they knew Participants focused on geographic characteristics when choosing the next person Geographic characteristics as in, choosing those who lived closer to the target Some packages reached the target, some never did Of those that did, the average path length was between 5-6 people Consider phrase “We are connected by six degrees of separation” Sociometric stars play an important role in linking people and networks They are brokers in the sense that they can act on behalf of others They are entrepreneurs in the sense of the go-between Such people use their large social capital to build financial or political capital Improvised News: A Sociological Study of Rumor (Tamotsu Shibutani [1966]) Based on Shibutani’s experience at a Japanese-American relocation centre Populations made sense of situations using often inaccurate and limited news Thus, rumors are social information used to clarify issues of common concern

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture