What youll need what youll do apply and conclude

Info icon This preview shows pages 166–169. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
What You’ll Need What You’ll Do Apply and Conclude
Image of page 166

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Anorexia Nervosa is a disorder in which the irra- tional fear of becoming obese results in severe weight loss from self-imposed starvation. Anorexia nervosa is a psychological disorder with emotional and phys- ical consequences. The disorder relates to an indi- vidual’s self-concept and coping abilities. Outside pressures, high expectations, a need to be accepted, and a need to achieve are characteristics associated with the development of anorexia. Medical special- ists have also found that genetics and other biolog- ical factors may play an equally powerful role in the development of this disorder. Hormones and cer- tain brain chemicals have been shown to trigger the illness in some people. Anorexia develops most often in teenage girls and young women. Symptoms include extremely low caloric intake, an obsession with exercising, emo- tional problems, an unnatural interest in food, a dis- torted body image, and denial of an eating problem. HEALTH CONSEQUENCES OF ANOREXIA NERVOSA Physical consequences of anorexia are related to malnutrition and starvation. A drastic reduction of body fat may cause females with anorexia to stop menstruating. Other consequences include loss of bone density, low body temperature, low blood pres- sure, slowed metabolism, and reduction in organ size. People with anorexia may develop serious heart problems, including an irregular heartbeat that can lead to cardiac arrest and sudden death. Treatment for anorexia nervosa may include a stay at a clinic or hospital where the person can receive nutrients to regain weight and strength. Anorexia nervosa also requires psychological treat- ment to address the problems that lead to the disorder. Bulimia Nervosa is a disorder in which some form of purging or clearing of the digestive tract follows cycles of overeating . A person with bulimia often fasts or follows a strict diet and then binges , or quickly consumes large amounts of food. After eating, the person may vomit or take laxatives to purge the food from the body. Following a binge, the person may again try dieting. Other symptoms can include distorted body image and an unnatural interest in food. The exact cause of bulimia is unknown, but societal pressures, self- esteem issues, and family problems may be factors. Bulimia nervosa Anorexia nervosa 154 Chapter 6 Managing Weight and Body Composition People with anorexia often see themselves as overweight even when they are very thin. What type of help does an individual with an eating disorder need?
Image of page 167
What Would You Do? Apply the decision-making steps to Audrey’s problem. 1. State the situation. 2. List the options. 3. Weigh the possible outcomes. 4. Consider values. 5. Make a decision and act.
Image of page 168

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 169
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern