• The French took no such precautions to prevent the government from violating this declaration great deal of violations to follow • August 4 th : National Assembly abolished feudalism • Eradicated all of the privileges of the French aristocracy • Seeds planted for what was hoped to be a new
democratic, capitalistic society • Took control of the Church – seized their property, got rid of their privileges, and used their money to back a new currency • The priests were made salaried employees of the state and were told to take their orders from the government in Paris (not the Pope in rome) • Drafted constitution that kept the King in power but required him to share that power with the legislature • The constitution abolished the aristocracy and ancient provinces of France chopped up the country into equal districts • Revolution created a rigidly centralized institution • Superficially represented GB – created constitutional monarchy underlying that = hatred for tradition/heritage • The National Assembly abolished the ancient provinces of the Kingdom of France in favor of soulless bureaucratic departments in the name of “reason” and strong central government • Europe’s Reaction to these Events • European observers were not concerned at first • Only Edmund Burke sounded an alarm about the threatening French Revolution (1790) • Tax structure, societal structure, political institutions, provinces, place names, etc. – all changed to reinvent their nation • Burke viewed this as an ideological tyranny which was all the worst for being advocated as the will of the people BUT British opinion leaders lampooned him more than they listened Now Burke is viewed as the first leader of conservative thought • While the French Revolution Raged… • Russia, Prussia, and Austria completed their partition of Poland in 1792 and 1795 • Prussian King Frederick William II happy to see that Austrian alliance broke off • Austrian gov’t eager to intervene if the French needed aid • The French Revolution quickly spilled over its boundaries – many Frenchmen had escaped and tried to rile up another movement • The royal family’s attempted flight was thwarted at Varennes near the border in June 1791, whereupon the king and his court were placed under house arrest a the Tuileries • Louis XVI encouraged the Austrians because he believed that the fanatical National Assembly could not create a proper army and empire treason: plotting with foreign monarch to suppress his people • Despite accusations of treason, others outside of France wanted a war so that the revolution would spread elsewhere • Domestic Situation: 1791-1792 • Constitutional monarchy and the king doesn’t want any part of it
• National assembly divided into multiple parties: constitutional monarchists (rev. had gone far enough & were loyal to the king), moderate Republics, radical Republics (took seats on far left of the National Assembly – origin of left/right wing politics) •
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