Breaking →The dance equivalent to Rap Breaking, an early form of hip hop dance, a dynamic style of dance which developed a part of East Coast hip hop culture. Breaking began to take form in the South Bronx alongside the other elements of hip hop. The “B” inB-boy stands for break, as in break boy (or girl) The term “B-boy” originated from the dancers at DJ Kool Here’s parties, who saved their best dance moves for the break section of the song. B-boying is one of the major elements of hip hop culture. Early Hip Hop dance styles on the West Coast were known as “Poppin” and “Lockin”
Break dancers don’t like to be called “Breakers” or “Breakdancers,” and prefer the term “B-boy” or “B-girl.”Key Breaking Crews: •Rock Steady Crew •New York City Breakers One of the key responsibilities of the DJ essentially from the very beginning of Hip Hop was the creation of “breaks.” IN other words, the isolation of one particular section of a musical composition, which served as a vamp for an MC, or for B-boys/B-girls to dance to. Because of the percussive breaks on the source records were generally short, DJ Kool Here and other DJs bean extending them using an audio mixer and two copes of a record: using this setup, the DJ would play the break on one record, while simultaneously searching for and cueing the same break on the other record, using the mixer to alternate between the two records at the right time allowing the DJ to play a break for as long as is needed. As such, mixers, amplifiers, speakers and various other prices of electronic music equipment for an essential part of a DJs arsenal. The breakdown is one of the core elements of Hip Hop and is what gave rise to the art of Break Dancing and the B-boy/B-girl culture. Other Cultural Foundations: •Rhyming •Storytelling •Poetry •Comedy Comedy: •Rodd Foss •Richard Pryor •Eddie Murphy •Dave Chappelle •Chris Rock •Pig Meat Markham One of the essential elements of hip hop is comedy and you can’t be a hip hop artist without being a comedian and Rap and hip hop cannot exist without comedy. While some might assume that comedians are not particularly intelligent, the fact of the matter is that being a comedian requires someone to be the highest level of intellect, who can understand the society at all levels.
One particular comedian who influenced the development of hip hop and rap was a slapstick comedian from the 1950s named “Pigmeat”Markham. In 1968 Markham recorded a single on Chess Records called, “Here comes the Judge.” That is a prototype for what would evolve into rapping. Of course, this record influenced many artists who would go on to create Hip Hop and Rap including DJ Hollywood, who cited Markham and “Here Comes the Judge” became an influence in the development of rapping as we know it today.