Evidence of one driver admitting guilt of involuntary

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Evidence of one driver admitting guilt of involuntary manslaughter prejudicial to case  about negligent design of gas tank.  Jury may conclude that b/c he pleaded guilty,  accident was his fault and will not consider evidence of faulty design.  Confuse criminal  liability with civil liability. 3. LIMITED ADMISSIBILITY - If evidence proves point #1 but is prejudicial or  inadmissible as to point #2, ct must balance probative worth to decide whether or not to  admit it.  Rule 105 - Would allow evidence but give limiting instruction.  Done for  practical purposes.  Not all evidence can have impact only on point for which it is  admitted, otherwise evidence would never be allowed. Prob 2-G (p.87) Evidence of admission and auto insurance paying for damage is allowed even though  violated Rule 411 about admitting evidence of insurance (keep deep pocket info from  jury).  Allow evidence but give limited instruction. 4. COMPLETENESS - Some evidence might prove point #1 but is so connected with other evidence that it would be a distortion to consider the one without the other.  Ct can  include or exclude.  Rule 106 - adverse party can introduce any other part of evidence  which should contemporaneously be considered for fairness reasons. 5. TIME CONSIDERATIONS - restrict evidence which is duplicative.  Don't waste court's resources. 6. ROLE OF JUDGE AND JURY  a. Judge decides admissibility.  Not bound by any rules except privilege.  Rule 104(a).   b. Judge decides if evidence really has tendency to prove point for which it is offered.   c. Jury decides how much weight to give to evidence. 2
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d. CONDITIONAL RELEVANCY  Rule 104(b) - If relevance turn on fulfillment of a condition of fact, ct shall admit it upon introduction of foundation evidence  sufficient to support a finding of fulfillment of condition.  Jury then decides if  condition actually satisfied.  If evidence not enough to even support finding of  fulfillment of condition, judge does not allow it.   D. RELEVANCE OF PROBABILISTIC ANALYSIS  (p. 96) 1. Statistical evidence in civil trial proving point by preponderance of evidence or in  criminal trial by proving guilt beyond reasonable doubt. 2. Using probabilistic proof, however, is not always allowed.  Not allowed to prove guilt in criminal case in People v. Collins  (p. 96) a. Prosecutor used product rule to show that likelihood that two events will occur is  product of their each happening individually.  Evidence NOT ALLOWED.
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