2 existence is a perfection 3 hence the supreme being

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2) Existence is a perfection. 3) Hence, the supreme being has existence. Existence: 1) Y/N 2) Is it a property? Premise 2 can be argued if it’s true
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St. Anselm’s Argument 1) God is the greatest possible being---greater than anything else. 2) Now suppose God doesn’t exist. 3) Then there is another conceivable being B exactly like God, except that B exists. 4) What exists is greater than what doesn’t exist. 5) So B is greater than God. 6) But God is greater than anything else. 7) So God is greater than B. 8) So it is not true that B is greater than God. 9) 8 & 5 contradict each other. Therefore, 10) It is not true that God doesn’t exist. That is, God exists. The greatest possible being ability all-powerful He is a good being moral perfection He is good at x and y. The Ontological Argument: Criticism Gaunilo’s Objection One can prove the existence of anything, provided it is held to be perfect or best: 1. Let’s assume that “Random Sleeping People” (RSP) is the greatest conceivable reality show. 2. Suppose RSO does not exist. 3. Then there is another conceivable reality show “Random Yawning People” (RYP) which is just like RSP except that it exists. 4. What exists is greater than what does not. 5. So RYP is greater than RSP. 6. But RSP is greater than any other reality show. 7. So RSP is greater than RYP. Therefore, 8. 5 and 7 are contradictory. 9. RSP exists. 1. The greatest possible being. (A) 2. A doesn’t exist. 3. B --> just like A but it exists. 4. What exists is greater than what doesn’t. 5. B > A 6. A is > than anything A > B. If it is not true, the greatest possible being exists. X = greatest possible being 1) Y X DN, then it is possible that there exists a being greater than X 2) It is not possible that there exists a being greater than the greatest possible being. Revisiting Existence Consider me saying: “Vincent exists.” How do we know what this asserts? 1. By being introduced to Vincent directly. (“knowledge by acquaintance”) 2. By being told certain facts about him, a description along with the name “the Dutch painter whose works include the Starry Night and the Potato Eaters.” This is knowledge by description: it must be specific enough to pick out the right individual.
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