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Rockefeller. These bombs were all sent to arrive on May Day. On April 29, 1919, the bomb sent to Georgia Senator Thomas W. Hardwick was opened and injured his wife and housekeeper. On April 30, sixteen bombs were recognized by their wrapping in a New York post office and their delivery was terminated. A second anarchist bombings happened in early June 1919. Eight larger bombs were sent to less prominent government figures. The bombs were crafted much more intricately and were made with metal slugs which would be launched as shrapnel. These bombings killed three men: a night watchman,
a by-stander, and one of the anarchist bombers. Attached to each bomb was a pink sheet titled “Plain Words.” The sheets declared the bombers intentions and said, “We will destroy to rid the world of you tyrannical institutions” (Feeny.) The bombings left a lasting impact on Americans and only increased the already strong fear of communism and anarchism.The actions of Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer were also memorable during this period of chaos and fear. On September 1, 1919, Palmer enlisted the help of J. Edger Hoover in creating a General Intelligence Unit within the U.S. Department of Justice. The intent of this unit was to uncover Bolshevik conspiracies and find and then deport all conspirators. In November 1919 and January 1920, thousands were imprisoned and deported. On January 20, 1920, four-thousand people were arrested in thirty-three different cities. The prisoners were often tortured. This time period was shameful for Americans; they allowed their fear to get the best of the them and therefore failed to uphold true American values and principles. Attorney General Palmer neglected civil liberties given to American citizens by our Constitution. He permitted illegal search and seizures, arrested and imprisoned people without sufficient evidence, and took away freedom of speech by arresting anyone who made a questionable comment about the American government. Palmer launched a campaign in November 1919 and January 1920 known as the Palmer Raids. The Palmer Raids were created to identify the anarchist bombers who nearly killed Palmer twice while simultaneously exposing conspirators, communists, and anarchists. Undercover informants and wiretaps were used to discover large numbers of radicals and leftists. Palmer and Hoover used the Sedition Act and Espionage Act to favor their campaign against left wing organizations and radicals. The Sedition Act made warrant-less wiretapping legal and this is exactly what Palmer did. Palmer was overwhelmed with thoughts that anarchists and communists were taking over the U.S. and a Bolshevik-type revolution was imminent. Palmer predicted that on May Day 1920 the anarchists would celebrate and begin violent riots and parades like the year before.When Palmer's prophecy failed to come true on May Day 1920, the first Red Scare abruptly
began to wind down. Americans realized the terror that had ensued for the past three years and saw now that the real people to fear were the Red hunters who would turn in anyone for any sort of anti-government remark. In the spring of 1920, twelve well-known and highly respected attorneys