For the exam, he will play the recitative or aria, you will have to id what one it is. You will also have to id some of the properties in each. Recitative Aria No beat Has a beat ( meter) Entirely syllabic text setting Can be syllabic or melismatic No repeating text Text often repeated Only basso continuo accompaniment Full orchestra accompanies Johann Sebastian Bach Church musician his entire life (Lutheran) in Leipzig There were four churches in Leipzig, he alternated between then He also had to teach If you were in charge of church music at this time, you had to compose your own music Organ virtuoso Bach = the king of counterpoint- different melodies have notes that line up every now and then Output: study pieces and church works The Well-Tempered Clavier The Clavier was a new instrument 24 Prelude and Fugue A Prelude simply just sets the mood The Fugue was were Bach started to play around with counterpoint, polyphonic they are kind of like a round. Four or five melodies that come in one at a time. After the melody is introduced another comes in with the same beginning but the first one continues with music that contributes to counterpoint. Once all the parts come in, the first part comes back into the forefront. Cantatas Contains the same musical pieces as opera (recitative, aria) No acting, sets or costumes Lutheran Church Cantata - movements are typically based on a chorale melody
Chorale - a Lutheran hymn Awake, a Voice is Calling Based off of one of Jesus' parables: the 12 virgins Melody with violins and violas - wise virgins Tenors = watchmen Basso Continuo = Jesus Tethered dynamics Basso continuo - cello Chords - organ Melody and bass - texture Irregular phrase lengths Rhythmic pause in bass line Based off of a church hymn, put to different music Two main types of works: Church His own works, to develop his own composition skill George Frederic Handel (1685 - 1759) German born Moved to Italy in early 18th century 1710 moved to London 1730's began composing oratorios Oratorio - "something sung in an oratory" A non staged dramatic work, often on a religious subject Uses the same musical pieces as a n opera Recitative and aria Chorus a major element of oratorio Opera Cantata Oratorio Staged ---- ----- Large Small-scaled Large ----- Chorus Chorus Handel's Messiah Most popular oratorio, still preformed today Chronicles of the life of Jesus 4 vocal scores Chorus Orchestra Bach Handel Germany Traveled throughout Europe Church Music Interest in Drama Compose for future Please the public
Obscurity Fame and fortune How many parts are there? Basso contunio is one part The "Classical Romantic" We had a schism after Beethoven, two different groups disagreed in the direction that Western Music was going: 1. New German School - have a melodic idea that represents something, an idea or feeling, melody represents something, these musical ideas that represent something outside of itself.
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