CONCEPT Perspectives on Emancipation 20
Which of the following acts of the First Continental Congress foreshadowed the creation of an independent colonial government? The Congress imposed its own taxes on British imports and denied representation to the crown. The Congress petitioned George III as though it were a foreign government seeking aide. The Congress declared independence from Britain and recommended that a constitution be drafted. The Congress recommended that each colony build militias to defend against the British. CONCEPT Path to Revolution 21 Which statement best summarizes the "concurrent majority," an idea advanced by John C. Calhoun to protect slavery in the 19th century? Congress should represent the majority opinion, to prevent minority groups from seizing power. A Democratic majority was a threat to the Whig minority. A minority should leave a political community if the majority infringes upon its rights. The majority’s interests should be offset with measures that protect regional minority interests. CONCEPT Slavery in the United States in the 19th Century 22
Which of the following factors contributed to many Americans voting strictly along party lines? Third parties were made illegal under the Alien and Sedition Acts, signed by John Adams. Revolutionary ideology emphasized loyalty to one's political party regardless of the candidates. Ballots were secret, making it easier for a person to vote along party lines. Voting was a public affair, so people often felt pressure to vote in a particular way. CONCEPT The Promise and Limits of Democracy 23 Which statement best reflects the beliefs of opponents to slavery motivated by free labor ideology? “Colonization as a solution to slavery merely deepens racism and perpetuates wicked practices.” “The institution of slavery creates a leisure class that unfairly exploits the work of others.” "We believe all African Americans have the right to become equal citizens in the United States." “Slavery is a societal evil and our country will be judged negatively by other nations for condoning it.” CONCEPT The Abolitionist Movement 24 What was the significance of the Barbary Wars to the United States?
It asserted the young nation's independence and the ability of the U.S. Navy to defend itself. It represented the primary foreign relations challenge for the United States in the early 1800s. It was a show of Democratic-Republican power and was wildly unpopular among the Federalists. It ended the practice of impressment on the high seas. CONCEPT Looking East 25 Which statement reflects an idea or attitude associated with the Enlightenment? “We are citizens of the world and open-minded to new ideas and ways of thinking.” “God gave the right to rule to the king, and we must never question his will.” “Our traditions are sacred and have been proven true by our own experiences.” “Religious figures remain the traditional and most trusted sources of truth and understanding." CONCEPT The Enlightenment and the Colonies
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