Lecture 4-Wellbeing - (18-19) (2).pptx

Plants animals and human beings fl ourish by growing

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Plants, animals, and human beings fl ourish by growing, maturing, making full use of the potentialities, capacitie s, and faculties that they naturally ha ve (p.131) 36
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Human flourishing *Wellbeing as enjoyable flourishing A flourishing human being is one who possesses, develops, and enjoys the exercise of cognitive, affective, sensory, social and physical powers – those are the components of wellbeing. (p.137) May explain why friendship, love, knowledge, wor k, art, amusement, sport, etc. are valuable. 37
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Human flourishing Actual operation and cultivation of our pow ers matter, not just pleasurable feelings. Examples: Swimming in experience machine vs. swi mming in reality VR love vs. actual mutual love 38
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Human flourishing So, education matters Help us: 1. deliberate with an independent and open mind 2. interact with others as full members of the community 3. develop the ability to form bonds of friendship 4. enjoy the company of others 5. devote to the good of others. (Kraut, What is Good and Why , p.138) 39
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Human flourishing – a doubt Did Hitler live a good life ? Hitler made powerful use of his various cap abilities – intellectual, emotional, physical, social. He enjoyed them. (see pics) 40
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Human flourishing – a doubt Did Hitler live a good life ? Hitler enjoyed his use of capabilities for thos e (evil) purposes . Call this the problem of Hitler’s flourishing. Not a problem for the objective list theory. Why? .... 43
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This problem may not happen to the ob jective list theory. 44 An objective list theorist can argue: Enjoyable flourishing isn’t the only thing that matters.
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A way out? Perhaps OLT and HFT should be co mbined in some way? Or DST/OLT/HFT is the best? 45
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Summary 1. Hallucination of being a great person in Pleasure Ma chine [problem with ethical hedonism] 2. Successful but disappointed McEnroe [problem with DST] 3. Seeing your hospitalized friend [problem with DST] 4. Unenjoyable values (e.g. knowledge) [problem with OLT] 5. Hitler’s flourishing [problem with HFT] 46
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Question for short essay Which theory – (a) desire satisfaction theory, (b) objective list theory, (c) human flourishing theory, or (d) some combination of the above – gives the best account of wellbeing? (This question is difficult, so an extra subgr ade will be given .) 47
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Lecture 4: Question for in-class response Is love important for your life? Why? (Just tell me what kind of love is in your mi nd. Any kind!) 48
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  • Fall '17
  • Franz Mang
  • English-language films, Meaning of life, Personal life

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