DSST fundamentals of counseling

All three members of the training group should

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All three members of the training group should contribute their observations. (Approximately 10 minutes) Finally, after you have each completed all three-role plays, observations should be pooled so that the most useful practices can be identified. Skills for multicultural competence In addition to working towards a greater cultural self-awareness and developing your knowledge and understanding of client difference, practitioners need to think about the way in which their skills should to be adapted or changed to accommodate the particular needs of certain client groups. Ivey et al. (1997) and Ivey (1994) suggest that culturally appropriate nonverbal behavior is crucial to successful counseling outcomes. Ivey (1994, p75) advocates that all practicing counselors 'begin a lifetime of study of nonverbal communication patterns and their variations'. Various categories of nonverbal behavior are identified and some cultural implications for each category (e.g. eye contact, posture, touching, vocal tracking) are discussed (Ivey, 1994, p29). Non-verbal communication provides one example of skill that can be easily examined for bias and modified. An effective method of enhancing your competence in this area is practicing with a friend or trusted colleague.
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Select various combinations of non-verbal communication (for example, eye contact, posture and hand gestures. Try to demonstrate effective listening without using the non-verbal behavior that you would normally use in your counseling or communication. (For example, if you normally try to sustain eye contact, you could try communicating without eye contact, looking away or downing at the floor). How did you feel? Ask the other person how they felt. Is it possible to adopt different styles of non-verbal communication and still listen effectively? Conclusion The current policy emphasis on social exclusion and equal opportunities in guidance and counseling highlights the need for professional practice that is responsive to and accommodates these important client issues in an effective manner. Multicultural counseling represents a relatively new approach, offering practical methods designed to enhance practice that can be integrated into current approaches. Know the best therapist office setting (noise, seating, privacy, color of room) Know the reason for vocational counseling in schools Know Albert Ellis - Prior to becoming a psychologist, Albert Ellis worked in the menswear and gift and novelty businesses. His friends turned to him for advice, and thanked him afterwards. They urged him to make a career of his talent for listening and offering good advice. He became one of the twentieth century's most influential psychotherapists. A prolific author of brisk-selling self-help books, he helped millions of people come to terms with their inner turmoil, and became controversial for his declaration that religion is a form of mental illness, and neurosis is "just a high-class word for whining".
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